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Historic England Research Records

Burreth

Hob Uid: 351294
Location :
Lincolnshire
East Lindsey
Tupholme
Grid Ref : TF1526069580
Summary : Deserted Medieval settlement, documented in Domesday and 1381. The remains of a moat, enclosure, church, hollow way, tofts, crofts and buildings seen as cropmarks.
More information : [TF 1526 6970] Moat [G.T.]. (1)

[TF 1526 6970] Moat [G.T.] [TF 1533 6960] Human Remains etc found. (2)

Burreth, mentioned in 1086, is an extinct village and parish
conterminous with the present parish of Tupholme. Both the abbot of
Tupholme Abbey and the vicar of the parish church at Burreth died "in
the Plague", and no institutions are recorded after 1381.
earthworks and crop marks seen on air photographs [at area
TF 1528 6961] probably indicate the site of the village.
[AO/LP/63/149]

The earthworks on Birt Hill, centred at TF 153 696, comprise a moat,
an enclosure (with the reputed site of the church marked by a rough
mound), and a confused area to the southeast, probably house
steadings but mutilated by surface quarrying.

Published survey (25") revised. (3-8)

[TF 152697] Listed as deserted medieval village of Burreth (known
in 1968). (9)

Since the last investigation in 1964 the entire site has been
ploughed. This has reduced the size of the earthworks but by no means
obliterated them.
On the main moated area stone and tile are scattered along the raised
parts on the SE half of the island.
Within the enclosure to the SE at the published site, TF 1534 6960,
the vague outline of a rectangular building, 16 x 9m oriented E-W,
with a greater concentration of stone and tile at the west end can be
seen. Presumably this is the church site.

Further SE still are random patches of gravel and tile, or stone and
tile, and at TF 1542 6947 a scatter of debris including dressed stone
and thin brick. It is possible that this is re-used material from the
church site.
Sherds of green glazed pottery can be found scattered over the entire
area. (10-11)

[TF 1519 6935 area) Medieval and Post Medieval pottery collected
from fieldwalking now in Lincoln City and County Museum (LM102.78).
(12-13)

This site does not appear in the March 1994 list of scheduled ancient
monuments in Lincolnshire, ?descheduled. (14)

The remains of the Medieval settlement of Burreth referred to by
the previous authorities were visible as earthworks and mapped from
good quality air photographs. These remains have now been ploughed
and are visible as cropmarks. The moat is visible as an enclosure
defined by banks and ditches with internal measurements of 80m by
70m. It is centred at TF 1522 6967. Nothing was visible in the
interior of the moat. Immediately south east of the moat is the
enclosure that contains the possible site of the church referred to
by the previous authorities. This enclosure measures 120m by 90m
and is centred at TF 1534 6960. Within the enclosure the church
site is possibly marked by a rectangular platform which measures
30m by 10m. Adjacent to this is a mound 15m in diameter. To the
south west of the moat and enclosure is a complex of conjoined
enclosures with an average breadth of 100m. These contained ridge
and furrow and are probably crofts. Adjacent to these are a series
of smaller enclosures, probably tofts, measuring on average 80m by
50m, and centred at TF 1540 6948. Within these are the remains of
a building visible as a small enclosure defined by low banks. Also
within the tofts is a small quarry possibly the site of a robbed
building. A hollow way runs north-west south-east between the
crofts and tofts towards the moat where it turns south west and
continues, beyond the settlement, for 600m.
(Morph No. LI.554.1.1-11)

This description is based on data from the RCHME MORPH2 database.
(15)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1904-48
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Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 BHS 12-MAY-75
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Source Number : 12
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Lincs Hist and Archaeol 14 1979 66 (A J White)
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Source Number : 13
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : SMR Files, Lincoln City and County Museum
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Source Number : 14
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage, SAM List, March 1994
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Source Number : 15
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Helen Winton/26-OCT-1994/RCHME: Lincolnshire NMP
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Lincs Record Soc 19 1924 lii lxxviii (C W Foster)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Beresford, M W, 1963. Lost Villages of England (308-9)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Rec 6" (C W Phillips, udtd)
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Source Number : 6
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (RAF U.503(B) Sqdn. 14.4.31 550 Birt Hill)
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : APs (RAF CPE/UK/2073 17.5.47 4530 3451)
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A/P (J K S St Joseph, BR/93, udtd.)
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Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHS 08-OCT-64
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Beresford, M and Hurst, J G, 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages (193)
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement, Moat, Church, Hollow Way, Toft, Croft, Building, Mound, Quarry, Human Remains
Evidence : Cropmark, Find

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lincolnshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 40006
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lincolnshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 40010
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lincolnshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 40786
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LI 242
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lincolnshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 242
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : LI.554.1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TF 16 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 16 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-10-08
End Date : 1964-10-08
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 16 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-05-12
End Date : 1975-05-12
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: LINCOLNSHIRE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-07-01
End Date : 1997-03-01