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Historic England Research Records

Cewydds Stone

Hob Uid: 35156
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Lynton and Lynmouth
Grid Ref : SS7004048250
Summary : An early medieval inscribed stone of the 6th-8th centuries, no longer in situ.
More information : A possibly 7th century memorial stone was found in
February 1913 by the Revd. J. F. Chanter used as a gatepost in
one of the outer hedges of Lynton Common (shown on OS 1" 1809
centred at SS 707486) which was enclosed in 1861, on the property
of C.F. Bailey, of Lee Abbey. It is inscribed in Latin characters
with the words Cavudi filius Civili. It was moved to Six Acre
Farm (SS 7004 4824). The stone is of almost triangular shape
tapering to both ends and is about 6 1/2 feet long, up to 27
inches wide and more than 12 inches thick. According to Sir John
Rhys, the name of the person commemorated, CAVUDUS, is also the
latin name of St. Cewydd. The stone was scheduled by DOE (IAM)
No. 41 (2) but it was not given in their lists of 1971 or 1978,
although it appears in the lists of the Devon Committee for
Rescue Archaeology (3). (1-3)

As described above. This triangular slab of grey sandstone 1.3m.
high and 0.6m. across its base has the clearly defined
inscription on its north face. The stone is pierced by two holes
which took iron gate hangers the lower one breaking the
lettering. Surveyed at 1:2500. (4)

Cewydds stone stands in the garden of Sixacre Farm SS 70044825. A gritty sandstone block roughly triangular in section it measures 1.3m high, 0.7m wide and 0.35m thick. On its N.face some letters are still visible but they are bebinning to weather and fade. There are two small circualr holes at the top and bottom of the stone, for iron gate hangers, the lower one has pierced the lettering (5).

SS 7004 4825. Cewydd's Stone, an inscribed memorial stone possibly of 7th century date, is still in position in the private garden of Six Acre Farm. (6)

The stone is a pillar stone with a simple memorial text which reads `CAVVDI FILIVS CIVI[L]I' which translates as `[the stone] of Cauudus, son of Civi[l]is'. These types of stone date from the 5th or cth to the 11th centuries; the Latin name suggests a date of the 6th-8th centuries, a date which the use of the horizontal `I' corroborates. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : illust (J F Chanter)
Page(s) : 270-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 45, 1913
Source Number : 2
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DOE (IAM) List of Monuments 1953 34
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Devon Archaeological Society and Devon Committee Rescue Archaeological Publications
Source details :
Page(s) : 19
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5, 1979
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 11-NOV-73
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 09-JAN-1990, IS Sainsbury.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sainsbury, I.S. 26-OCT-1993 RCHME Field Investigation.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Corpus of early Christian inscribed stones of south-west Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 171-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C6-8
Monument End Date : 799
Monument Start Date : 500
Monument Type : Inscribed Stone
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SS74NW6
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 41
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 96/01937
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 NW 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 74 NW 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-11-11
End Date : 1973-11-11
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 74 NW 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1990-01-09
End Date : 1990-01-09