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Historic England Research Records

Bardney Abbey

Hob Uid: 351575
Location :
Lincolnshire
West Lindsey
Bardney
Grid Ref : TF1132670608
Summary : Bardney Abbey was founded before 697, perhaps as double house of monks and nuns, but destroyed by the Danes circa 860. Refounded 1087 as an Alien Priory, dependent on Charroux. Raised to the rank of a Benedictine Abbey in 1115, and dissolved in 1538. Sir Robert Tyrwhitt subsequently turned part of the abbey into a secular residence with associated formal garden features. This had probably been abandoned by 1663-4 when Edward Maddison bought the site. Excavations were carried out circa 1930 by T Crowder on the church, cloister and two ranges which extend to the south. The precinct is defined by a substantial moat and earthworks of buildings and other structures, probably relating to both the monastic and post-dissolution phases, extend across the site. Bardney is thought to have been a minster in the Saxon period. Dependencies: Partney, Skendleby
More information : [TF 1135 7061] Site of Bardney Abbey [GT]
(Benedictine Founded AD 1115) and Priory [GT] (Founded AD 697). (1)

Founded before 697, perhaps as double house of monks and nuns.
Refounded 1087 as an Alien Priory, dependent on Charroux. Raised to
the rank of an abbey in 1115, and dissolved in 1538.
Scheduled. Six of the monks were executed after the Lincolnshire
Rising of 1536. Remains of the great gateway, west of the church,
still stand.
[See Illustrations Card for A.P.]. (2-6)

Area TF 113706 The Abbey site was partially excavated, c 1930, by Mr
T Crowder (now deceased) Some foundation walling has been left
exposed; other remains, including all the pillar bases, have been
lightly earth covered to prevent frost damage. A vast collection of
decorative stone details has been deposited in Bardney Church.

Almost all of the enclosing moat survives; foundation remains of out buildings and numerous, dried-up, fishponds complete the
complex.

Surveyed at 1:2500. (7)

No change. AM survey of 7-8-64 revised. (8)

Excavations at Bardney Abbey have revealed the plan of the Medieval
monastic buildings and associated features, some of which were
visible as earthworks and mapped from good quality air photographs.
(9a).

A substantial moat encloses the precinct, measuring 360m by 290m,
centred at TF 1135 7063. A gap in the western side of the precinct
enclosure, at TF 1124 7056, marks a gateway. There was no standing
remains of the gateway as described by authorities 2-6. Several
fishponds are associated with the precinct moat, at TF 1118 7076,
TF 1141 7077, TF 1148 7048 and TF 1148 7058. Outside the precinct,
to the south at TF 1133 7030 are more fishponds. To the west is an
extensive system of water channels, extending for 580m from
TF 1112 7050 to TF 1142 7000.

The foundations of several buildings including the Abbey and its
associated cloister and ranges of buildings were visible, centred
at TF 1134 7056. Surrounding these buildings are several ditched
enclosures. More buildings are located in the NW area of the
precinct, including a barn at TF 1125 7067.

A rabbit warren adjacent to the eastern side of the precinct, may be
associated with the priory and is recorded in TF 17 SW 27. A Post
Medieval house and walled garden, which re-used some of the monastic
buildings is recorded in TF 17 SW 18.
(Morph No. LI.577.4.1-19)

This description is based on data from the RCHME MORPH2 database.
(9-10)

Two fragments of Anglo-Saxon crosses found during excavations at the abbey are in St Lawrence's Church, Bardney.
(10-11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Lincoln, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 97-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : The East Midlands in the early middle ages
Source details :
Page(s) : 183
Figs. : 66
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details : 1953 edition
Page(s) : 58
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ancient Monuments of England & Wales 1961 64 (MOW)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Knowles, D and St Joseph, J K, 1952. Monastic Sites from the Air (22-3)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : St Joseph BR 94, BS 2, BS 3 undated
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FRH 19-AUG-64
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 FDC 15-MAY-75
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Yvonne Boutwood/02-NOV-1994/RCHME: Lincolnshire NMP
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Laing, C.E. 1913-4 Excavations on the site of Bardney Abbey. AARP Vol 32 Pt 1, p21-34, plan.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Extant by 697; destroyed circa 860
Monument End Date : 870
Monument Start Date : 697
Monument Type : Double House, Minster
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Refounded in 1087
Monument End Date : 1115
Monument Start Date : 1087
Monument Type : Alien Priory, Benedictine Monastery
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Refounded 1115; dissolved 1538
Monument End Date : 1538
Monument Start Date : 1115
Monument Type : Benedictine Monastery, Abbey, Precinct, Moat, Fishpond, Earthwork, Lime Kiln
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lincolnshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 14
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LI 14
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22619
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lincolnshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 51145
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : LI.577.4
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TF 17 SW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 355339
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 351393
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 355349
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1058729
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1058738
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1301846
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : BARDNEY ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1909-01-01
End Date : 1913-12-31
Associated Activities : BARDNEY ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1930-01-01
End Date : 1939-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 17 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-08-19
End Date : 1964-08-19
Associated Activities : BARDNEY ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 17 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-05-15
End Date : 1975-05-15
Associated Activities : RCHME: LINCOLNSHIRE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-07-01
End Date : 1997-03-01
Associated Activities : BARDNEY ABBEY
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : ABBEY FARM, ABBEY ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT BARDNEY ABBEY FARM
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT BARDNEY ABBEY
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT BARDNEY ABBEY
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31