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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 351895

Hob Uid: 351895
Location :
Lincolnshire
West Lindsey
Walesby
Grid Ref : TF1473092620
Summary : A Roman building, probably a villa, was discovered and excavated in 1861. Finds from the area include large quantities of pottery, coins, two pieces of a large lead vessel with a chi-rho monogram (found after ploughing in 1959 and now in Lincoln Museum - accession number 67-59), and a cast bronze eagle's head terminal. Examination of aerial photographs by RCHME noted a villa complex comprising a main block of enclosures with two wings, each formed by separate enclosures, these together forming three sides of a courtyard-type arrangement. To the south of the complex is a chain of conjoined enclosures (TF 19 SW 53) whose relationship to the villa complex is uncertain. The site is represented by two entries in Scott's gazetteer of Roman villas.
More information : [TF 14569267] ROMAN BUILDING [GS] (Site of) (1)

A Roman building, probably a villa (6), at Walesby, on the west side of the Wold and 1/2 mile from a Roman road was discovered and excavated in 1861. It had a hypocaust and covered an area variously estimated at 100 and 300 square yards. Many finds include 2nd to 4th century pottery, coins, and two pieces of a large lead vessel decorated with the chi-rho monogram.

Revision ONB gives no siting evidence but states that coins have been found near the site [Original ONB destroyed.] (2-8)

No finds have been noted recently at the published site of this
building, which is under crop and was not perambulated. The lead
vessel was ploughed up by Mr. H. Saunby of Risby in 1959 who indicated the exact site on the ground at TF 1470 9243. This vessel is exhibited in Lincoln Museum; accession number 67-59. (9)

A cast bronze eagle's head terminal, perhaps a vehicle mount, was found on the surface at this site. (10)

TF 1473 9262 (GCE) Aerial photography has vastly increased the amount of known information in the Roman villa at Walesby (11a-b). Identified as crop/soil marks on APs, the villa complex is known to comprise a main block of enclosures (c.240m x 90m), with two wings, formed by separate enclosures (c.40m square), extending downslope on the west. The dimension of the two wings each measure approximately 200m by 50m, as far as is known. The main block of enclosures together with the two wings form three sides of a courtyard type arrangement; the enclosed central area is devoid of cropmarks.

To the south of the villa complex are situated a chain of conjoined enclosures of rectilinear form (see TF 19 SW 53). These enclosures lack the uniformity of shape and size of the villa complex and the relationship between the two is not certain. (11)

The Roman villa described by authority 11 was mapped from air
photographs as part of the RCHME: Lincolnshire NMP.
(Morph Nos LI.248.1.1-3). (12)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Associated Architectural Societies' reports and papers [Lincoln, York, Northampton, Bedford, Worcester, Leicester and Sheffield ]
Source details : Philpot, WB.
Page(s) : 135-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6, 1861-2
Source Number : 11
Source : Lincolnshire history and archaeology
Source details : Jones, D
Page(s) : 22-Mar
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 23, 1988
Source Number : 11a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : Cambridge University Committee for Aerial Photography: 24-JUL-1974 BQS 086 and 088-092
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11b
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : RCHME APU: 16-MAY-1976 TF 1793/1; 11-JUL-1976 TF 1793/2, TF 1793/3
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Damian Grady/24-MAY-1993/RCHME: Lincolnshire NMP
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : Site numbers LI 179, 180.
Page(s) : 128
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number :
Source : Walesby Villa/ink plan
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Lincolnshire Notes and Queries
Source details :
Page(s) : 194
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8, 1905
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Gentleman's Magazine (New Series) 10 part I, 1861, p683
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Lincolnshire Architectural and Archaeological Society reports and papers
Source details : Petch, DF
Page(s) : 16-17
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8, 1959-60
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey Map of Roman Britain, 3rd Edition, 1956 p34
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : East Midland Archaeological bulletin
Source details :
Page(s) : 10
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1959
Source Number : 8
Source : Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Object Name Book reference
Source details : Revision Ordnance Name Book 1905 3
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHS 27-SEP-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 434
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 9, 1978

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Villa, Rectangular Enclosure, Hypocaust
Evidence : Cropmark, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Villa, Rectangular Enclosure, Hypocaust
Object Type : INSCRIBED OBJECT, VESSEL, FIGURINE
Object Material : Lead, Bronze

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : LI.248.1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TF 19 SW 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WALESBY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1861-01-01
End Date : 1861-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 19 SW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-09-27
End Date : 1963-09-27
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: EAST LINDSEY SURVEY
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1982-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: LINCOLNSHIRE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-07-01
End Date : 1997-03-01