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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 35307

Hob Uid: 35307
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS7600040000
Summary : Royal Forest of Exmoor dating to the medieval period. It was disafforested gradually. After inclosure in 1819 much of the Forest land was drained and converted from moorland to pasture. .
More information : (Centred SS 7640) EXMOOR FOREST (NAT) (1)

Exmoor became part of the demesne of the Crown at the time of the
Norman Conquest and was converted into a forest (in the legal sense).
Additions were made in the reigns of Henry II, Richard I and John.
Early in John's reign the Forest included, in addition to the originaldemesne area, the bordering parishes in Devon and a number of parishesin Somerset. In 1204 John disafforested all land in Devon and in 1316Edward II confirmed disafforestation of the eastern perlieus in
Somerset. There is no evidence of any woodland in the 20000 acres as
defined by the post 1400 boundary. There were no enclosures or
settlements in the
Forest until a farm was enclosed during the Commonwealth and
Simonsbath house was built. The forest of Exmoor was finally
disafforested by the enclosure award of 1819.
(2 3 & 4)

Additional Bibliography. (5 - 7)

Exmoor Royal Forest is centred at SS 76 40. It is as described up to source 7.

The post-inclosure history of the Forest after 1819, is fully set out by source 8a (?). The forest became part of the Knight family estate, and was improved through the 19th century when much of it was enclosed, drained and converted from moorland to pasture. Most of the farms and buildings within the former Royal Forest can be attributed to the Knight family, and Simonsbath itself developed from a single farm to a small village community.

Additional bibliography:
Burton R A 1989 The Heritage of Exmoor. (11a, 11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS 1:50000 1982
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The history of the Forest of Exmoor
Source details :
Page(s) : 1-180
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history Somerset, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 563-566
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2 (1911)
Source Number : 4
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 38-39
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 122 (1978)
Source Number : 5
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 171-178
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 40 (1894)
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Annals of the Ancient Royal Forest of Exmoor 1893 (Rowle)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : The forests and deer parks of the County of Somerset
Source details :
Page(s) : 170-201
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wilson-North W R 09-AUG-1994 RCHME Field Investigation.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Orwin C S 1929 The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Hunting Forest
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 SE 40
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31