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Historic England Research Records

Louth Abbey

Hob Uid: 354511
Location :
Lincolnshire
East Lindsey
Keddington
Grid Ref : TF3538088560
Summary : Cistercian Abbey, founded in 1139 when monks were transferred here from Haverholme, (TF14NW1), and dissolved in 1536. All that remains are extensive earthworks, the ruined walls of the chancel and the base of a nave pillar. The ruins consist of fragments of north and south walls of chancel of the 12th-13th century cruciform church, above ground; and grass covered outline of rest of church with cloister, chapter house, undercroft, dormitories, kitchen etc. to south.
More information : [Area TF 35388856]. Remains of Louth Abbey [G.T.]
(Cistercian Founded AD 1139). (1)

First established at Haverholme [See TF 14 NW 1], and almost immediately moved to Louth Park, the Cistercian Abbey was founded in 1139 and dissolved in 1536. Scheduled. (2-4)

The remains of Louth Abbey comprise extensive earthworks, the ruined north and south chancel walls, and the base of a nave pillar.

Published survey (25" 1906) revised.

See GP AO/62/44/8. (5)

Additional reference. (6)

The Medieval Cistercian abbey, referred to by the previous authorities, was seen as earthworks and mapped from good quality air photographs. The main features comprise a substantial precinct moat (similar to those found at other monastic sites in Lincolnshire) which encloses a polygonal area measuring 380m by 290m centred at TF 3538 8856. A number of deep channels extend north from the main moat. These could be fishponds and/or part of a water management system for the moat. They are centred at TF 3534 8871. Incorporated into the north west portion of the moat, centred at TF 3546 8862, is a large circular pond, with an island, or at least a raised area, in its centre. Adjacent to this pond, and attached to the exterior of the moat is a rectilinear ditched enclosure, with a possible stack stand, defined by a subcircular ditch, within. Within the area enclosed by the precinct moat are the possible remains of two building. They are visible as embanked enclosures, measuring 40m by 10m and 40m by 15m, centred at TF 3548 8846 and TF 3538 8847. Also within the moated area are a number of subdivisions, enclosures and ponds. The Monks Dyke, a water channel, (see TF 38 NW 2), approaches the moat form the south west and extends along the south side of the moat. A ditched enclosure, which has been ploughed and is now visible as a cropmark, is attached to the south side of the moat, centred at TF 3551 8836. This contained rig and furrow but its purpose is not clear. It is possible that the abbey earthworks, as at most other monastic sites in Lincolnshire, have been altered and represent Post-Dissolution use of the abbey. The abbey buildings and earthworks may have been adapted for a Post Medieval house and gardens, the moat and ponds perhaps forming water features in the garden.
(Morph No. LI.205.3.1-11, 5.1)

This description is based on data from the RCHME MORPH2 database.
(7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Lincoln, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 138-141,187
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Medieval religious houses : England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 111
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ancient Monuments England & Wales 1961 64 (MOW)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FDC 06-JUN-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Lincolnshire history and archaeology
Source details : J Marjoram
Page(s) : 37
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8, 1973
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Pamela Grace/13-APR-1993/RCHME: Lincolnshire NMP
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 121
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Extant
Monument End Date : 1536
Monument Start Date : 1139
Monument Type : Cistercian Monastery, Precinct, Moat, Building, Fishpond, Enclosure, Stack Stand, Abbey, Church
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark, Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : House, Formal Garden
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : LI.205.3
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lincolnshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 102
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LI 102
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : LI.205.5
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 195476
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1063050
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1005002
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TF 38 NE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 354568
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 351056
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ABBEY EARTHWORKS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1873-01-01
End Date : 1873-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 38 NE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-06-06
End Date : 1963-06-06
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: LINCOLNSHIRE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-07-01
End Date : 1997-03-01