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Historic England Research Records

Road Castle

Hob Uid: 35715
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Winsford
Grid Ref : SS8628037570
Summary : Road Castle is a bank and ditch defined enclosure of probable Iron Age date. It is almost square in plan, with rounded corners, and covers an area of approximately 0.3 hectares. The south, west and south east sides are defined by a rampart bank and an external ditch. The bank on the east side has been modified by the later addition of a hedgebank to the north is a steep scarp with a berm on its outer side. The original entrance is thought to be on the eastern side. The site has been surveyed as part of the East Exmoor RCHME survey and transcribed from aerial photographs during the Exmoor National Mapping Programme survey.
More information : [SS 86293758] Road Castle (NAT) Camp (NR) (1)

Road Castle, an almost square camp, some distance below the top of the hill about quarter of a mile SE of Exford. The defence on the E, S & W was a high bank of stones mixed with earth, with a ditch below, whilst on the N it was a steep scarp with a ditch below now much silted up. The E side has been destroyed and replaced by a modern bank and hedge, where the entrance seems to have been. (2).

Road Castle Camp: univallate hill fort under 3 acres. (3)

This is a small, apparently Iron Age, enclosure situated on the highest point at the end of a ridge. The rampart is strong, and it is particularly well preserved on the southern side.
Re-surveyed at 1:2500. (4)

SS 864376. "Road Castle (intrenchments) S of Lyncombe Wood". Scheduled. (5)

Road Castle is a strongly fortified site under improved pasture. The bank is 4.5m high on the S, where it is best preserved. On the N side ploughing has masked the rampart, the ditch is slight and two breaches have been made in the defences. On the E most of the defences have been destroyed by a hedge bank which runs N - S across the N part of the site but then turns SE, leaving a gap between the field and the surviving defences on the S and it is probable that this is the original entrance. Visited 30 3 73. (6)

(SS 86293758) Road Castle (NAT) Earthwork (NR) (7)

Additional Bibliography. (8 - 11)

The site is within the Exmoor National Park Farm Conservation Scheme. It is now fenced off separately from the surrounding land. Large scale survey is planned during the winter of 1997 as part of RCHME's East Exmoor project. (12)

Scheduling amended. (13)

The earthworks of the Road Castle bank and ditch defined later prehistoric enclosure are clearly visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. The enclosing banks are up to 13 metres in diameter, defining an almost square internal area of circa 0.25 hectares. The external ditch is only clearly visible on the southern side. No internal features can be seen on the photographs available to the survey. (14-16)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : OS 6" 1962
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history Somerset, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 504
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Vol(s) : 2 (1911)
Source Number : 11
Source : The archaeology of Exmoor : Bideford Bay to Bridgwater
Source details :
Page(s) : 85-86
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Source Number : 12
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : R Wilson-North 16-SEP-1997 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 13
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 03-Sep-04
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Source Number : 14
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 406G/UK/1655 (F20) 3427-8 11-JUL-1946
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Source Number : 15
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 540/860 (F20) 3011-12 02-SEP-1952
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Source Number : 16
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SS 8637/8 (NMR 15431/34) 15-MAY-1996
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Source : Road Castle
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Source : Road Castle/ink survey
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Source : Road Castle/pencil survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : Ordnance Survey map of southern Britain in the Iron Age
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GHP 27-AUG-65
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DOE (IAM) AMs Eng 2 1978 120
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Source Number : 6
Source : Hillfort and hill-top settlement in Somerset in the first to eighth centuries A.D.
Source details :
Page(s) : 258
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Vol(s) : 91 (1981)
Source Number : 7
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10000 1979
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Source Number : 8
Source : Earthwork of England : prehistoric, Roman, Saxon, Danish, Norman, and mediaeval
Source details : Earthwork of Eng. 1908 115 383 fn (A H Allcroft)
Page(s) : 115 383
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Source Number : 9
Source : Ancient earthworks and camps of Somerset
Source details : Earthwork and Camps of Somer 1924 96 (E J Burrow)
Page(s) : 96
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Source Number : 10
Source : The archaeology of Somerset
Source details : The Arch of Somer, The County Arch. Series 1931 257 (D P Dobson)
Page(s) : 257
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Rectilinear Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Rectilinear Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO8518
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 34215
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : SO 162
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 35978
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 1182411
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 1182412
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 83 NE 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 83 NE 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-08-27
End Date : 1965-08-27
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01