HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Central Line

Hob Uid: 1310448
Location :
Essex, Greater London Authority
Epping Forest
Redbridge, Waltham Forest, Newham, Ealing, Tower Hamlets, City and County of the City of London, Camden, City of Westminster, Hammersmith and Fulham, Hillingdon, Kensington and Chelsea
Theydon Bois, Ongar, Loughton, Chigwell, North Weald Bassett, Bobbingworth, Stanford Rivers, Buckhurst Hill, Epping
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TQ1796080950
Summary : The Central London Railway, authorized in 1892 and opened in 1900, linked Shepherd's Bush with the Bank (5.75 miles), traversing London's busy quarters on the west-east axis along the line of Oxford Street. Once it had replaced its original electric locomotives with multiple-unit trains in 1903, it was recognizably the prototype of the modern tube. Originally there was a flat fare of 2d., giving rise to the nickname of 'The Twopenny Tube'; this lasted until 1907. The line was extended by a loop to Wood Lane, close to the White City exhibition site, in 1908, and to Liverpool Street in 1912. Extension to the west was begun over Great Western tracks to Ealing Broadway in 1920. The Central Line (as London Transport named it from 1937) was radically changed under the 1935-40 New Works Programme, in the course of which the third-rail current collection was replaced by the standard Underground fourth-rail system. The line was extended beyond Liverpool Street to Leyton and thence over London and North Eastern Railway tracks to Hainault and Epping in 1947-9, with its rural prolongation to Ongar electrified in 1957 but closed in 1994. At the western end new tracks beside the GWR line took Central trains to West Ruslip in 1948. The Central Line's 74km (46 miles) make it the Underground's longest line serving 49 stations and requiring 72 trains to operate the peak period service.
More information : The Central Line opened on 30th July 1900 as a cross-London route from Bank to Shepherd's Bush, and was extremely well patronised from the outset.

Contributing to this popularity was the flat fare of two old pence (2d) which encouraged the press to call the line the "Twopenny Tube". The flat fare lasted until the end of June 1907 when a threepenny fare was introduced for longer journeys.

In 1908, the line was extended west to Wood Lane to serve the adjacent White City Exhibition, and four years later was extended at its eastern end from Bank to Liverpool Street.

In 1920, the line was further extended to the west as far as Ealing Broadway. The 1939-1945 war intervened before plans for more ambitious extensions at each end of the line could be implemented, but these plans were revived after the war.

New tracks next to the existing main line railway were brought into use from North Acton to West Ruislip, as were new tunnels from Liverpool Street to Leyton and from Leytonstone to Newbury Park. North of both of these tunnels the Central took over existing suburban lines, to Ongar via Epping, and to Woodford via Hainault.

The Epping to Ongar shuttle service, which was run under contract as a steam-hauled service by British Rail until 1957, was closed in 1994.(5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Oxford companion to British railway history from 1603 to the 1990s
Source details :
Page(s) : 293-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wilson BG and Haram VS. 1950. The Central London Railway
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Lee CH. 1970. Seventy Years of the Central
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Croome DF and Jackson AA. 1993. Rails through the Clay
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : London Underground. Line Facts: Central Line, [Accessed 17-JUN-2003]
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Built 1892 to 1900
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1892
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Subterranean Feature, Structure
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Extended in 1908
Monument End Date : 1908
Monument Start Date : 1908
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Extended in 1912
Monument End Date : 1912
Monument Start Date : 1912
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Extended in 1920
Monument End Date : 1920
Monument Start Date : 1920
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Extended 1947-49
Monument End Date : 1949
Monument Start Date : 1947
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Section closed in 1994
Monument End Date : 1994
Monument Start Date : 1994
Monument Type : Underground Railway
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : LINEAR 573
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1312062
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 501980
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 500679
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509576
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509313
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509558
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509550
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509193
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509191
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509190
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 508155
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509616
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509598
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509600
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509420
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509534
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509533
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 501967
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1314155
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 502069
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 501986
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 508157
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509290
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509325
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1314256
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 501975
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 497945
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509436
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 509266
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 502060
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 501963
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 502082
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 502040
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1311973
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1311979
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 508143
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1313323
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1313340
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 509333
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 509512
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1311775
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1309061
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1311970
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 509410
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1311966
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1311950
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1311959
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1311961
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1314101
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 509304
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 509518
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1348320
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1378799
Relationship type :

Related Activities :