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Historic England Research Records

Mileham Castle

Hob Uid: 358723
Location :
Norfolk
Breckland
Mileham
Grid Ref : TF9160019300
Summary : Norman motte and baileys succeeded by Burghwood homestead moat, extant 1346-1549.
More information : (TF 91601925) CASTLE (NR) (Remains of)
(TF 91621933) HALL YARDS (NR)
(TF 91501947) BURGHWOOD MANOR HOUSE (NR) (site of)
(TF 91531953) MOAT (NR) (1)

Motte and bailey castle at Mileham consisting of a mound with two baileys, the inner perhaps a recutting of the original, (presumably the 'Hall Yards' of the OS published entry). (2)

The lower part of a square keep of flint rubble projects from the top of the mound, the interior being dug out but overgrown. There are traces of a plinth on the west side, and a buttress at the east end of the south side (2). Mentioned 1153 (a). (3-4)

M C Taylor excavated in 1968 for the Norfolk Research Committee across the ditch and bank on the east side of the rectangular enclosure attached to the north-east side of the outer bailey. Sherds of 12th/13th century pottery were found in the old soil
line and bank structure.

(This is the enclosure which contains the OS 'Burghwood Manor House (Site of)' entry, said to have existed temp Henry III (5).) (5)

2500 survey revised. (6)

A very fine example of a motte and bailey partly under grass but, in places, heavily overgrown. The complete works consist of a steep sided narrow-topped motte and triple bailey, all in good condition. There is no surface evidence to support the theory that the inner bailey is a recutting, in fact the whole moat appears to be original and contemporary, elsewhere the description of authy 2 is correct.

Norfolk Directory (1835) mentions "Burghwood Manor c 1346 belonged to the Earls of Richmond. Sir Edward Cove (Lord Chief Justice) was, in 1549, born in the manor house enclosed by the outer ditch of the castle". There are no surface disturbances at the published site of the manor house, and the described "outer ditch" is actually a well constructed defensive homestead moat doubtless contemporary with the earlier building.

It appears clear that there has been continuous occupation of the site by the manorial lords for some centuries. The manor house superseding the castle, and the present Hall - which is mainly 19c - superseding the manor house.

Castle remains and homestead moat resurveyed at 1:2500.

Modern alterations; AM survey of 3 1 73 revised. (7-8)

The castle was disused by 1302. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1959
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Norman castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 245-6
Figs. : 47
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : PRO E327/254
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Source Number : 3
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : D M Wilson D G Hurst
Page(s) : 259-60
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13, 1969
Source Number : 4
Source : Norfolk Research Committee bulletin
Source details : M Taylor
Page(s) : 7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18, 1969
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : History of Norfolk 10 1809 21-4 (F Blomefield)
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JB 03-JAN-1973
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F3 FDC 17-MAY-73
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RSC 15-JUN-77
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 308
Figs. :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Norman
Monument End Date : 1170
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Extant 1346-1549
Monument End Date : 1549
Monument Start Date : 1346
Monument Type : Fortified Manor House
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Extant 1346-1549
Monument End Date : 1549
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Fortified Manor House
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NF 95
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 7230
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TF 91 NW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, MILEHAM CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1968-01-01
End Date : 1968-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 91 NW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-05-17
End Date : 1973-05-17
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 91 NW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-06-15
End Date : 1977-06-15