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Historic England Research Records

Culbone Stone Row

Hob Uid: 35927
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Oare
Grid Ref : SS8343047380
Summary : A stone row consisting of a possible 21 stones with intermittent gaps suggesting robbing. The monument is of Bronze Age date and the stones range in height from 0.2m to 0.6m.
More information : SS 83274739. An incomplete stone row on Culbone Hill was found by N VQuinnell in 1975 and independently by J E Hancock in 1981. It would
seem to be of Prehistoric date. It is situated on a spur at about
380m OD with a slight, false crested east slope. Twenty stones are
traceable over a distance of 340m from SS 83274739 to SS 83604738 (seeillust). Fifteen stones are in woodland, the remainder in deep
bracken and furze where it is possible some have not been detected.
Under open conditions the ends of the row would not be intervisible,
but these are unlikely to be the original terminations. The stones
are local sandstone slabs between 30cm and 70cm long, 5cm to 20cm
thick and 25cm to 70cm high. A common interval between the stones
cannot be deduced, but some of them are so widely spaced as to suggestheavy robbing.

For 100m at the west end, the row coincides with the parish boundary
although this is described as undefined on OS 25" 1957. The boundary
must originally have been mered to the row, but it is most unlikely
that the stones are boundary markers. It is speculative as to whetherthe inscribed stone at SS 83204736 (SS 84 NW 15) was removed from the
row as it is similar in size to the larger stones.

A detailed plan of the stone row is lodged with the Somerset SMR. (1)
Additional Bibliography. (2)

This fine stone row commences at SS 83244738 in coniferous woodland at about 405m OD on the NE slopes of Culbone Hill. It crosses a fenced trackway and rough grass/bracken covered ground beloe the crest of the ridge. It terminates in coniferous woodland on the N slope of Stent Hill about 385m OD at SS 8362 4737, atotal length of 371m. It now consists of 21 earthfast sandstone blocks all set longitudinally following the general E-W alignment. The intermittent and irregular spacing suggests robbing; it is now impossible to know if the row extwnded further E or W. Stones 1 to 17 are almost in a straight line (allowing for minimal movement of some stones) the remaining four curving slightly towards the N stones 4,10a & b, 16 and 21 are broken stumps. The others range in height from 0.2m to 0.62m (an average of 0.4m) they are from 0.29m to 0.9m wide and 0.10m to 0.33m thick (3).

A further table of information on the stone row is held in the archive.

Stone No 3 has an inscribed cross. The cross, on the upper, eastern part of the northern side, is 12cm high and 10cm wide, with the arms of the cross cut 0.05cm deep. The arms of the cross are not sharply incised, and as such are reminiscent of the crude style in which one of the arms of the cross on the Culbone Stone (SS 84 NW 15) has been extended.
The cross is not set vertically, but rather is oriented like an `x', and as such is roughly parallel with the sides of the stone. This may be because the stone has tilted eastwards. The upper ends of both arms have what appear to be `tails' or short perpendicular extensions. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 95-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 125, 1981
Source Number : 2
Source : Ancient Exmoor : a study of the archaeology and prehistory of Exmoor
Source details :
Page(s) : 32-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Exmoor Review 1983
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 11-JAN-1990, IS Sainsbury.
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : R Wilson-North 29-JUL-1997 RCHME Field Investigation
Page(s) :
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Plates :
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Source Number :
Source : Culbone Stone Row/ink survey
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Source Number :
Source : Lithic monuments within the Exmoor National Park: a new survey for management purposes
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Stone Alignment
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33876
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 NW 20
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1089564
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 35920
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :