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Historic England Research Records

Bendels Barrows

Hob Uid: 35944
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exford
Grid Ref : SS8543041000
Summary : The remains of a two round barrows. One has a diameter of 22 metres and is 0.4 metres high. The second is visible as a platform measuring 13 metres east to west and 0.2 metres high. It has a mound 6m by 0.5 metres towards the southern end of the platform. Both features have been damaged onsiderably by peat digging.
More information : ((SS 85494106 & SS 85374093) Bendels Barrows (NR). (1)

Exford 3. At SS 85354093 is a mutilated bowl barrow 25 paces across by 2ft. high.
Exford 4. At SS 85484106 is a bowl barrow 12 paces across by 2ft. high. (2)

Scheduled. (3)

An amorphous low mound is all that indicates the site of Grinsells 3.
The perimeter of 4 can be traced but no mound survives.
Published surveys (1/2500) revised. (4)

Exford 3 not located by SS Reviser. Exford 4 extant. (5)

SS 85384093. Exford 3.
SS 85484106. Exford 4.
Bendels Barrows visited by Grinsell April 1952 and listed as in Authority 2 except that the diameter of Exford 4 is given as 14 paces. They are named Bendel's Barrows on the OS 1" 1809. (6) & (7)

SS 854409-SS 855411. Bendel's Barrows, round barrows. Scheduled. (8)

(SS 85494107) Bendel's Barrows (NR) (Only one barrow shown). (9)

Detailed description in SMR. (10)

Two round barrows, both of turf construction, are situated on a broad hilltop at about 460 metres O.D., but due to their very low profile, neither can be seen from a distance.
SS 8538 4092. Exford 3. Not published on O.S. maps after 1965, this barrow has a diameter of 22 metres and is 0.4 metres high. A perimeter cropmark suggests that it might originally have been 26 metres across. The sides and top have been dug into by peat cutters whose former activities are much in evidence all over the hilltop, and a cutting for 12 metres around the northern side has produced a ditch, 5 metres wide and 0.2 metres deep.
SS 8549 4107. Exford 4. A cropmark suggests the possibility of an original diameter of 20 metres but there is now only a platform measuring 13 metres across east to west, and 15 metres north to south. It is 0.2 metres high, with a mound 6 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high set off-centre and towards the southern part of the platform. It is uncertain whether there has been turf digging around this barrow or not but the structure itself certainly seems unmolested. Neither barrow is to be classified as a disc barrow (the platform and mound is a fairly common south-western type), and the S.M.R. field observations and descriptions (S.M.R. source 5) have been transposed.
Both are known locally as Bendels Barrows. (11)




The remains of a two round barrows on Exford Common, known as Bendels Barrows, are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. Using the terms employed by the above authorities, the Exford 3 barrow is centred on circa SS 85374092 and on aerial photographs of 1947 appears to be circa 22 metres in diameter. It is less visible on later aerial photographs. The Exford 4 barrow is centred on circa SS 85494107 and is visible as an earthwork 13 metres in diameter on aerial photographs of 1947, although as suggested above, disturbed vegetation within 5 metres of the mound may indicate a cropmark suggestive of a berm, potentially extending the monuments original diameter to 22 metres. Damage to the mounds by peat cutting is not apparent on the aerial photographs, but extensive turbaries are evident in the immediate area. (13, 14)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
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Source Number : 2
Source : Somerset barrows, part 1 : west and south
Source details : W Somer Barrows Mss. (L V Grinsell)
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Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 NVQ 19-JUN-87
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Source Number : 13
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 F20 4166-7 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 14
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 948-9 29-APR-1973
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Source : Bendels Barrows/ink survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : List Anc Mon Eng & Wales 1961, 81 (MOW)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JP 24-JUN-65
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Source Number : 5
Source : Large Scale / Small Scale Map Revisers Comment
Source details : SS Reviser May 1971
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Source Number : 6
Source : Somerset barrows, part 1 : west and south
Source details :
Page(s) : 16,32
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Vol(s) : 113, 1969
Source Number : 7
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 80
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Vol(s) : 77 Pt 2,1931
Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DOE (IAM) AMs Eng 1978 117
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Source Number : 9
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10000 1978
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Source Number : 10
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Somerset C.C. SMR dated 10-MAR-86
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33594
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33595
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : SO 171a
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : SO 171b
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO6716
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SE 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1472765
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 84 SE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-06-24
End Date : 1965-06-24
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 84 SE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1987-05-10
End Date : 1987-05-10
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 84 SE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1987-06-19
End Date : 1987-06-19
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01