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Historic England Research Records

Great Rowbarrow

Hob Uid: 35967
Location :
Somerset
West Somerset
Cutcombe, Luccombe
Grid Ref : SS8754541536
Summary : A heavily mutilated Bronze Age cairn can be seen as an earthwork on aerial photographs, to the west of Dunkery Beacon. The earthwork measures up to 25 metres in diameter and field investigation reveal it stands up to 1.6 metres high. Numerous small and shallow quarry pits, probably the source of the cairn material, lie to the south and west of the monument.
More information : (SS 87544153) Great Rowbarrow (NR) (1)

The cairn known as 'Great Rowbarrow' is situated close to the moorland trackway to Lang Combe Head and on the E. side of it. It is a large cairn, much mutilated by deep hollows and high ridges, especially along the N. half of the mound. The greater part of the cairn has a bank-shaped footing of heaped stones, but there is little sign of thison the south side. The diameter of this rather irregular structure is circa 70ft. and from 6-7ft. high. (2)

Scheduled. (3)

This is a very disturbed cairn, listed by Grinsell as Cutcombe 3. (See GP AO/65/133/6). (4, 5)

SS 87534154. Cutcombe 3. Great Rowbarrow, mutilated cairn including ruins of modern stone-heap now integrated with the original cairn. It is named Great Barrow on the Tithe Map of 1840. Cutcombe 4a. "One or two of Rowbarrows had been examined incompletely" on 2 November 1807 (6, 7) (SS 84 SE 8, 9 & 10 are knownas 'Rowbarrows'). (8)

Additional Bibliography. (9)

SS 8754 4153. Great Rowbarrow, a large heavily mutilated cairn situated on a prominent hilltop at 507 metres O.D. Composed of boulders and stones it measures approximately 22 metres overall with a maximum height of about 1.6 metres. A crude (? modern) cairn, 0.4 metres high and constructed of fairly large stones, has been erected on the top, and two small circular wind shelters occupy parts of the mound. There is no evidence of a kerb and the apparent rim, a 4.0 metres wide band of small stone enclosing part of the mound has almost certainly been caused by random excavation or disturbance. Small shallow and amorphous quarry pits, probably the source of some cairn material, lie to the west and south. Visible on A.P.s (10, 11). (12)

The cairn is as described by authority 7 and lies at SS 87545 41536. It was surveyed using GPS as part of the RCHME East Exmoor project (13).

The heavily mutilated mound known as Great Rowbarrow, probably a cairn of Bronze Age date, can be seen as an earthwork on aerial photographs centred on circa SS 87544153, approximately 1.6 kilometres to the west of Dunkery Beacon. The earthwork measures up to 25 metres in diameter and field investigation reveal it stands up to 1.6 metres high. Numerous small and shallow quarry pits, probably the source of the cairn material, lie to the south and west of the monument. (14, 15)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : OS 6" 1962
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Source Number : 2
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 122-3
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 78, 1932
Source Number : 11
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : NMR SS8741 1 1088-9 20-APR-82
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Source Number : 12
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 MJF 07-MAR-87
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Source Number : 13
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Riley H 28 Jan 1997 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 14
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 952-3 29-APR-1973
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Source Number : 15
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : SS 8741/9 (15450/19) 15-MAY-1996
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : List Anc Mon Eng & Wales 1961 81 (M O W)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Somerset barrows, part 1 : west and south
Source details : W Somer Barrows Mss (L V Grinsell)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GPH 21-JUN-65
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A Tour in Quest of Genealogy ... by a Barrister 1811 136-8 (R Fenton)
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist & Ants of Somer 2 pt II 1839 125 (W Phelps)
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Source Number : 8
Source : Somerset barrows, part 1 : west and south
Source details :
Page(s) : 16, 29
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 113, 1969
Source Number : 9
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 95
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Vol(s) : 75, 1929
Source Number : 10
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : OS 73 109 952-3 29-APR-73
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cairn
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : SO 48c
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33483
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MS09184
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SE 9
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 35962
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 35972
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1473153
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1473162
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1473189
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 84 SE 9
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-06-21
End Date : 1965-06-21
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 84 SE 9
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1987-03-07
End Date : 1987-03-07
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01