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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 36021

Hob Uid: 36021
Location :
Somerset
West Somerset
Luccombe
Grid Ref : SS8817042570
Summary : The remains of the deserted farmstead of Bagley is evident as a collection of roofless buildings, walls, platforms and field boundaries, many visible on aerial photographs. There have been several phases of building but none would appear earlier than post medieval, although there are medieval documentary references to it. It is believed to have been deserted in the later part of the 19th century.
More information : (SS 88194254) Bagley (Ruin) (NAT). (1)

SS 882426. Deserted medieval farmstead of Bagley apparently mentionedin Domesday. Enclosure walls still stand up to 4ft high and enclose acomplex of ruined stone built rectangular buildings, the northernmost
of which clearly shows several phases of building. A second building
lies to the south and probably a third lies in the SW corner of the
site. It is situated on a sloping field now used for uncultivated
pasture, near a stream. There are earthworks of a field system.
(1) (2) (3) & (4)

The manor of Bagelie, adjacent to Stoke Pero, is recorded among the
lands of Roger de Corcelle in the Domesday Survey. (5)

A map of circa 1840 (a) shows `Hagley and Bagley', and the symbols
suggest the buildings are still occupied as farmsteads. In 1841
Bagley and Hagley was a farmstead of 68 acres. Bagley is marked to
the south of the stream by a clearly defined triangular enclosure in asmall side valley. Within this there are remains of a ruined stone
walled building with numerous other stone foundations. The farm may
have been approached by a track from the north across the stream, but
the main access was down a deep hollow way to the moors from the south(Fieldwork M Aston 21 May 1976 et al).
Air photographs (b & c) suggest that as well as the deserted Domesday
site of Bagley there may have been a second farmstead, possibly Hagleyat SS 88304255. There is nothing on the ground as the field has been
reclaimed.
"This site, together with Sweetworthy (SS 84 SE 31)," forms the most
impressive group of medieval farm sites in West Somerset, particularlysince they are associated with several probably prehistoric ring-works(SS 84 SE 12, 30 49) and a number of post-medieval waterleats and
field banks". (6)

Additional Bibliography. (7) & (8)

Extension of scheduled area to include probable prehistoric ringwork
(SS 84 SE 30).
"Extending east from the deserted farmstead, into two adjoining fieldsof improved pasture, is a subcircular enclosure showing as a degraded
earthwork. This enclosure would be morphologically acceptable as a
prehistoric hillslope enclosure.
Subcircular enclosure and medieval farmstead are physically linked.
Such direct associations are unusual and suggestive of continuously
evolving settlement on the same focus. Deposits reflecting the full
chronological span of settlement activity still survive". (9)

Detailed description in SMR (10)
The ruined farm of Bagley, at SS 8819 4254, is situated at 335 metres
O.D. on the east side of a deeply cut stream which forms a short
tributary of East Water. Although sheltered its position is such thatall buildings and yards have had to be levelled into both north and
west slopes.
The O.S. 25", 1890, shows two roofless buildings; the northern one
evidently the house, about 12 metres long and 5 metres wide, with two
extensions or small yards on the west end. A shippon or barn is 20
metres to the south.
The few visible structural remains no longer conform to the 1890 plan,either by size or shape. The house appears to be on a platform built
up 1 metre at the west end. From the top two pieces of angled wallingprotrude about 0.3 metres above the grass covered tumble. Both have
sides of about 4.5 metres and the walling is 0.6 metres thick. The
extenstions or yards to the west cannot be traced but seem to have
been off the platform and at a lower level.
The building to the south is now represented by a 10 metres length of
back wall, 0.6 metres thick and 0.4 metres high. To the east of this
is a small garden plot with cultivation ridges. A building mentioned
by Rees (S.M.R. source 5) as being to the south west could not be
identified unless it refers to the thick yard wall which runs south
south west from the house.
There may have been another structure 15 metres north of the house
where a levelled area bears a slight right angled scarp, indicating anend and one side of a building.
Most of the well-made and stone-faced hedge banks in the vicinity of
the steading have been partly demolished in the past 40 years and a
trackway has been bulldozed across the combe and round the east end ofthe house to give riding access to fields to the east. There may havebeen access from the moors, but the hollow way track from the south
kept to the west of the combe in 1890 and the route to Bagley was thenfrom the north.
As with most steadings there have probably been several phases of
building, but there is nothing obviously medieval at the site, and it
remarkably compact when compared with the 1.5 hectares of medieval
desertion 400 metres to the east (SS 84 SE 31). No rig and furrow canbe detected in the vicinity but there has evidently been considerable
arable activity in the recent past that may have destroyed all traces.Without recourse to the 1840 map (6a) the significance of the Hagley
"symbol" is uncertain. There are no traces of earthworks at SS 8830
4255, on the ground or on R.C.H.M.E. A.P.s or on R.A.F. A.P.s
(CPE/UK/1980/3237-9; 11.04.47).
Aston quotes a combined acreage of 68 acres for Hagley and Bagley in
1841 which would correspond with all the land to the west of
Sweetworthy Combe enclosed by 1809 (O.S. 1" First Edition). Within
this area on the south facing hillside, opposite Bagley, are uncertaintraces of possible desertion. A half dozen wide spaced and indistinctrectilinear depressions can be seen in low light, covering about 2
hectares centred at SS 8811 4280. One may be cressed by a field
hedge, but all are virtually unsurveyable. (11)

The post medieval settlement remains at Bagley have been considered in their archaeological landscape as part of the RCHME Exmoor project. Full details in the survey report (12).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DOE (IAM) Record Form 20 12 76
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Medieval Settlement Research Group : annual report
Source details :
Page(s) : 10
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 30, 1982
Source Number : 12
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : HBMC Record Form 3 7 86
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Somerset C.C. SMR, dated 30-SEP-86
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 11-AUG-87
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : The prehistoric enclosures and medieval and post-medieval settlements at Bagley and Sweetworthy, Luccombe, Somerset : an archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 16
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/79013 258-9 17-APR-1979
Page(s) :
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Source Number :
Source : Bagley/ink survey
Source details :
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Source Number :
Source : Bagley/ink survey
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Source Number :
Source : Bagley and Sweetworthy
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 3
Source : Medieval Settlement Research Group : annual report
Source details :
Page(s) : 9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 24, 1976
Source Number : 4
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 117
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 121, 1977
Source Number : 5
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Somerset: volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 490
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1, 1906
Source Number : 6
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Map 1840 (SRO DD/SAS c212 Stoke Pero)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : (RAF CPE/UK 1980 April 1947 3173)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : (SCPO HSL UK 1971 Run 89 8668)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 94
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 127, 1983
Source Number : 10
Source : Medieval Settlement Research Group : annual report
Source details :
Page(s) : 15
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 25, 1977

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Settlement
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement, Field Boundary
Evidence : Earthwork, Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : SO 484
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33680
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO7338
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SE 21
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 84 SE 21
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1987-08-11
End Date : 1987-08-11
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01