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Historic England Research Records

Barnwell Castle

Hob Uid: 360991
Location :
Northamptonshire
East Northamptonshire
Barnwell
Grid Ref : TL0492085210
Summary : Castle constructed in 1266. It was oblong in plan with round and D-shaped corner towers and a gatehouse at one corner. Nothing remains within the walls as the buildings were demolished circa 1540. Remains of the walls and corner towers were excavated in 1980. The interior of the castle was probably used as a farmyard during the 18th and 19th centuries.
More information : [TL 04928521 ] Barnwell Castle [G.T.]
(Remains of) [T.I.] (1)

Barnwell Castle, a fortified dwelling, was built about 1266. It was oblong in shape with round corner towers and protected gateway. Nothing remains within the walls as the buildings were demolished in Elizabethan times. (2)

Scheduled. (3)

The castle remains are in good condition. The property of HRH the Duke of Gloucester. (4)

Barnwell Castle. C.1266, built of limestone from local quarry. A rectangle of walls about 12' 0" thick and 20' to 25' high with round towers at corners, varying in plan, and arched entrance on SE corner flanked by semi-circular towers. Built by Bevenger le Moyne, afterwards in the possession of the Abbots of Ramsey, and bought by Sir Edward Montagu in c.1540. (5)

In 1980 an excavation was carried out on the North East and North West towers in order to recover masonry for reconstruction work.
[The GRN quoted in this reference is incorrect]. (6)

Full description of make up layers and foundations. (7)

Listed by Cathcart King. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1958
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Gotch J A. 1936. Old Halls of Northamptonshire, 37
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A.Ms. Eng. & Wales 1961, p.69 (M.O.W.)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JB 01-OCT-69
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Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Oundle and Thrapston. April 1963
Page(s) : 12
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Source Number : 6
Source : Northamptonshire archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 204
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Vol(s) : 16, 1981
Source Number : 7
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 9: South Midlands archaeology newsletter
Source details :
Page(s) : 19-20
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Vol(s) : 11, 1981
Source Number : 8
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Northamptonshire
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Vol(s) : Part 30
Source Number : 9
Source : Country Life
Source details : 10-Sep-59
Page(s) : 238-241
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Source Number : 10
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 315
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Constructed 1266
Monument End Date : 1266
Monument Start Date : 1266
Monument Type : Castle, Angle Tower, Gatehouse, Curtain Wall
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Ruined Building, Structure
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C18/C19
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Farmyard
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 232573
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 61842
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NN 1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 08 NW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TL 08 NW 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1969-10-01
End Date : 1969-10-01
Associated Activities : Primary, BARNWELL CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1980-01-01
End Date : 1980-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BARNWELL CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, INVESTIGATION BY RCHME/EH ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-11-14
End Date : 1995-11-14