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Historic England Research Records

Church Of St Mary And All Saints

Hob Uid: 361689
Location :
Northamptonshire
East Northamptonshire
Fotheringhay
Grid Ref : TL0599393146
Summary : Collegiate church now parish church, begun as a college of Chantry Priests circa 1370 for Edmund Langley and founded in 1411 by his son Edmund of York. The nave was rebuilt circa 1434 for Richard Duke of York, by the mason William Hanwood. The chancel, cloisters and college buildings were demolished at the Dissolution. The church was restored in the 19th century. The original building consisted of an aisled nave, chancel west tower, north porch, cloisters and college buildings. Built of limestone ashlar with some squared coursed limestone to the south and east walls, the roofs are of lead.
More information : (TL 05979313)St. Mary & All Saint's church (NAT) (1)

A Church of St. Mary and All Saints

Edmund of Langley, Duke of York, rebuilt the choir of the former
church and intended to found a College of Chantry Priests. The
college was actually founded by Edward, Duke of York, son of
Edmund, in 1411. About 1434 the present nave, aisles and west
tower were built under a contract between Richard, Duke of
York, nephew of Edward, and William Horwood, a local mason. At
the Reformation the choir of the church and the college building
adjoining it were destroyed. Some of the stalls, of splendid design, are now in nearby churches - Benefield, Hemington and Tansor.
The existing church of stone with battlemented cresting and low
pitched lead roofs has a very large west tower the full width
of the nave. The main part of 3 stages is square with projecting
turrets at angles. The upper part is a tall octagonal belfry
lantern with traceried window on each face and pinnacles at
corners. A central post carries a weather vane of falcon in
fetterlock, the crest of the Dukes of York. The south aisle is
carried across the side of the tower.
The main entrance is by a large two storey north porch on the
north side of the tower and in prolongation of the north aisle.
The aisles have symmetrical bays of tall traceried windows
divided by pinnacled buttresses supporting slender flying
buttresses to just below the nave parapet and between the large
clerestory windows. In the interior the altar is flanked by large
C.16 monuments to Edward and Richard, Dukes of York, both erected
by Queen Elizabeth I to replace earlier tombs in the destroyed
part of the church.
The pulpit, elaborately carved and coloured, is C.15 with the
Arms of Edward IV and the year of Richard III. (2)

The church was recorded as `worthy of preservation' in 1984. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : O.S. 1:10,560 1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE(HHR) District of Oundle and Thrapston Rural District, April 1963
Page(s) : 63
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in the County of Northampton. Volume VI: architectural monuments in north Northamptonshire
Source details :
Page(s) : XI
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of East Northamptonshire, 25/01/1988
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built c1370
Monument End Date : 1380
Monument Start Date : 1360
Monument Type : College Of Secular Priests, Church
Evidence : Extant Building, Demolished Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Founded 1411
Monument End Date : 1411
Monument Start Date : 1411
Monument Type : Collegiate Church, College Of Secular Priests
Evidence : Extant Building, Demolished Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt c1434
Monument End Date : 1434
Monument Start Date : 1434
Monument Type : Collegiate Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Demolished during reforamation
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1536
Monument Type : College Of Secular Priests
Evidence : Demolished Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Restored C19
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1801
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northamptonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 2665/0/0
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 107316
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 232628
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 110930
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1371944
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 09 SE 39
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : CHURCH BARN, FOTHERINGAY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31
Associated Activities : ST MARY THE VIRGIN AND ALL SAINTS'
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : FOTHERINGHAY CHURCH GATE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2011-01-01
End Date : 2011-12-31
Associated Activities : CHURCH OF ST. MARY AND ALL SAINTS, FOTHERINGHAY
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31