HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Kingsbury Castle

Hob Uid: 361997
Location :
St. Albans
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TL1410007400
Summary : Earthwork remains of an Anglo-Saxon burh; excavation uncovered post-Roman features, Roman and Medieval finds.
More information : Kingsbury Castle is the site of a fortified village, the origins of which go back to the Anglo-Saxon period. It is situated on a natural hill and covers an area of about 27 1/2 acres. It was surrounded by a steep scarp or rampart, varying considerably in height, formed by levelling the top of the hill and throwing the soil outwards. Before reaching the southern boundary, the rampart curves outward to the east, to form a projecting bulwark. The main area was levelled in the 10th century and the bulwark about 1152. There is no trace of a ditch and it is not certain if the settlement had a stone wall. The original entrance appears to have been on the south east at the point where Dagnell Street now enters the area. (Sited from plan (1) at TL 141074). (1-3)

`Kingsbury' is one of the few `bury' names in the county which go back to Old English times. The place anciently belonged to the Saxon kings and was bought by Alfric, afterwards abbot of St. Albans, from King Ethelred. (4)

Excavations were carried out in 1976 at 19 Hill Street (TL14250742) and found evidence of occupation and structures of probable post-Roman date. Several types of features were identified, namely postholes and stakeholes, timber slots, gullies, pits, shallow depressions and a hearth, and several phases of occupation were noted. The only finds associated with these features were of Roman date and were all in a very worn or residual condition, and consisted almost entirely of potsherds and fragments of tile and brick. A few Medieval sherds were also found. The paucity of finds suggests a post-Roman date for the structures. (5)

An adulterine castle was built on the site and destroyed in 1152. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source :
Source details :
Page(s) : 123-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source :
Source details :
Page(s) : 192
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source :
Source details : Transactions of the St Albans Archaeological Society 2 Pt 2 1905-6 pp148-157 plan illust (W Page)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source :
Source details :
Page(s) : 89-90
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.15
Source Number : 5
Source :
Source details : C Saunders & A B Havercroft
Page(s) : Jan-15
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6, 1978

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early Medieval
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 410
Monument Type : Burh
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Adulterine Castle, Findspot
Evidence : Earthwork, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Adulterine Castle, Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HT 1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 10 NW 88
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities :
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31