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Aldermans Barrow

Hob Uid: 36231
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor, Exford, Luccombe, Porlock
Grid Ref : SS8367042310
Summary : Alderman's barrow is a substantial earthwork measuring 24 m in diameter, disturbed by several agencies including road construction and probable excavation. It has been surveyed at 1:200 scale and transcribed from aerial photographs as part of the National Mapping Programme.
More information : [SS 83674233] Alderman's Barrow (NR) (1)

Alderman's Barrow, round barrow. Scheduled. (2)

Grinsell's Exford No 1, a bowl barrow 29 paces in diameter and 4.5 ft
high. (3)

This is a disturbed bowl barrow. It is 1.4m high and has had a hole 0.7m deep dug into its top. (See GPs AO/65/138/7 & 8 Stereo pair).

Resurveyed at 1:2500.

The name Alderman's Barrow is a corruption of Owlaman's Barrow, and before that it was known as Osmund's Barrow. (4-5)

Exford 1. Alderman's Barrow listed, details as Authy 3. It was named Osmundesburgh and variants in boundary perambulations 1219 - 1301, known as Owlaman's Burrow from 1651 to 1815 and as Alderman's Burrow or Barrow from 1782 onwards. (6)

Alderman's Barrow lies at the north-west end of Almsworthy Common, on the boundary of the parishes of Luccombe, Porlock, Exford and Exmoor. It comprises a turf-covered, circular, flat-topped, earth and stone mound, 24 m in diameter, north-south, by 22 m; it is 1.4 m high. The barrow is largely intact and in good condition, and is now covered in dense heather and bracken.
Several activities have taken place to disturb the original form of the barrow:
1. The creation of a road on its north side has clipped the edge of the barrow.
2. A sharp-sided, irregular pit, some 8 m across and 0.7 m deep has been dug into its centre.
3. There is an area of disturbance in the area of the south-west quadrant, in the form of a narrow trench which follows the base of the barrow scarp.
Both 2 and 3 are probably the result of undocumented antiquarian activity, but may also be the product of robbing. Certainly 3 appears to be an attempt to ascertain whether the barrow has an encircling kerb.
Some 4 m from the barrow on its north-west side is an Antiquity Star put up during WW2 to alert gunnery crews on the nearby ranges to the fact that an archaeological monument existed.
Alderman's Barrow was surveyed during July 1996 as part of RCHME's West Exmoor Project.(7-8)

Aldermans Barrow is a substantial earthwork clearly visible on many of the aerial photographs assessed as part of the Exmoor National Park National Mapping Programme (NMP) survey.
The truncation of the northern edge of the earthwork and the central depression are apparent from the air, but the more subtle damage described above is obscured by the pervasive vegetation cover. (9-10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
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Source Number : 2
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DOE (IAM) AMs Eng 2 1978 117
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Source : Alderman's Barrow/ink survey
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Source : Alderman's Barrow/pencil survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : W Somer Barrows Mss (L V Grinsell)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Exmoor 1953 51 (L Meynell)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GHP 29-JUN-65
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Source Number : 6
Source : Somerset barrows, part 1 : west and south
Source details :
Page(s) : 13,16,31
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Vol(s) : 113, 1969
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : R Wilson-North 23-JULY-1996 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Joanne E Best 23-JULY-1996 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 540/931 (F20) 3099-100 08-NOV-1952
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Source Number : 10
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : ENPA JAS 85041 096-7 29-AUG-1985
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33596
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO6730
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 84 SW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-06-29
End Date : 1965-06-29
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01