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Historic England Research Records

Longthorpe Tower House

Hob Uid: 364093
Location :
City of Peterborough
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TL1620398381
Summary : Longthorpe Tower House in the city of Peterborough was originally constructed as stone-built, north-south hall with a slate roof by William de Thorpe circa 1263. The tower was added at the north east circa 1300 and was altered in the early 17th century. It is square in plan with turrets on the corners and walls about 2 metres thick. It is three storeyed, with small, single light windows. A west wing was attached to the hall in the 17th century, and an eastern wing was added earlier in the 20th century century, abutting the south wall of the tower. The wall paintings in the great chamber date to the first half of the 14th century. The north wall depicts the wall of life and the Nativity, below this are pairs of apostles which continue around the room. The south wall has the morality of the Three Living and the Three Dead, the west wall has the Labour of the Months.
More information : Longthorpe Tower House contains one of the most complete and elaborate schemes of domestic medieval wall paintings in England. The house consists of an original stone-built north-south wing with a slate roof by William de Thorpe circa 1263. There is a solar window in the north wall. The tower was added at the north east circa 1300, with early 17th century alterations. It is square in plan with turrets on the corners and walls about 2 metres thick. It is three storeyed, with small, single light windows. A west wing was attached to the hall in the 17th century, and an eastern wing was added earlier in the 20th century, abutting the south wall of the tower. The wall paintings in the great chamber date to the first half of the 14th century. The north wall depicts the wall of life and the Nativity, below this are pairs of apostles which continue around the room. The south wall has the morality of the Three Living and the Three Dead, the west wall has the Labour of the Months. Listed Grade I. (1-6)

Listed as a strong house by Cathcart King. (7)

The paintings may have been commissioned by Robert de Thorpe or his son in the early fourteenth century. In addition to the popular images of the Twelve Labouts of the MOnths and the Seven Ages of Man there are several images which refer to everyday life at Longthorpe. The ordinary manorial context of these paintings suggest such decoration was more widespread than is commonly thought. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" NSL
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Longthorpe Tower: MPBW Guide 1964 (E Clive Rouse)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : Jan-57
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : XCVI
Source Number : 4
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 10-Oct-95
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Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Peterborough, 07-MAY-1973
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 819
Source Number : 6
Source : Country Life
Source details :
Page(s) : 604
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : CI
Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 319
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Our painted past : wall paintings of English Heritage
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : c1263
Monument End Date : 1273
Monument Start Date : 1253
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Tower added c1300
Monument End Date : 1310
Monument Start Date : 1290
Monument Type : Tower House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : First half of the 14th century
Monument End Date : 1350
Monument Start Date : 1301
Monument Type : Wall Painting
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered early C17
Monument End Date : 1632
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : 20th century
Monument End Date : 2000
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 49725
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NN 76
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 27108
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 104347
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CB 194
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : EH Property Number
External Cross Reference Number : 33
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 19 NE 32
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TL 19 NE 32
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-08-24
End Date : 1970-08-24
Associated Activities : Primary, INVESTIGATION BY RCHME/EH ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-11-14
End Date : 1995-11-14
Associated Activities : Primary, LONGTHORPE TOWER HOUSE
Activity type : MANAGEMENT SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31