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Historic England Research Records


Hob Uid: 36517
Location :
Somerset West and Taunton
Grid Ref : SS9800029500
Summary : A possible medieval settlement was alleged here from documentary evidence. There is no field evidence to substantiate this and it is thought that a post medieval gutter system to the south (SS 92 NE 43) has been misinterpreted as settlement earthworks.
More information : Upton is given as one of the known DMV sites of Somerset and shown on a distribution map at approx SS 980295, where there is an obvious site, with ruined church, at Upton Farm. (But nothing seems to have been written about this, and the information was apparently given orally by M Aston. OS air photos of 1967 show no desertion markings round Upton Farm, but it and its various outbuildings, yards and crofts are quite extensive enough to overlie a small DMV.) (1)

Earthworks south of the church at Upton suggest a formerly larger settlement. The tithe map does not help with this suggestion. (Although Aston does not specify which church at Upton, it would seem he is referring to the remains of St James (SS 92 NE 7). The village of Upton is shown at this location on OS 1" 1809 but on OS 1:10000 1975 the name seems to have been transferred to a collection of buildings on the road at SS 996289.) (2)

A systematic survey of all available aerial photographs found no Medieval settlement features. An extensive Post Medieval water meadow (which is described in SS 92 NE 43) is situated to the south of the location of the possible medieval settlement and these could be the earthworks which authority 2 mentions as being `south of the church'. (3)

There is no field evidence of desertion around the medieval church of St James. It seems most probable that the gutter system (SS 92 NE 43) has been misinterpreted as settlement earthworks. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Barrow Mead, Bath, 1964 : excavation of a medieval peasant house
Source details :
Page(s) : 26-Jul
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 28
Source Number : 2
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : M Aston
Page(s) : 100
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 127, 1983
Source Number : 3
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Helen Winton/19-MAY-1998/Brendon Hills Mapping Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : R Wilson-North 1 July 1998 RCHME Field Investigation
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Uncertain Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 34149
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 92 NE 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: BRENDON HILLS MAPPING PROJECT, NMP
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-10-01