HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 367491

Hob Uid: 367491
Location :
East Hertfordshire
Grid Ref : TL3549018010
Summary : Fairly well-preserved medieval 'homestead moat' with an attached enclosure defined principally by a series of fishponds. A probable post-medieval windmill mound stands at the centre of the moated platform.
More information : (TL 3549 1801) Castle (NR) (site of) (NAT) (1)

A rectangular enclosure with a ditch on the west side and a moated mound in the SW corner, lies to the south of Rennesley Garden Wood. The moat is square and the mound, in fairly good condition and probably sepulchral, does not appear to have been excavated. (2-3)

On a ridge within a wood, is a circular earthern mound, enclosed on the NS and E sides by a ditch, square in plan, and now dry.

The mound is 12.5m in diameter and 1.3m high. The ditch is c 9.0m wide and up to 1.8m deep, enclosing an area c 19.0m square. There is no evidence of it ever having continued on the W side. Outside the S and part of the E arm is a bank c 6.0m wide and 1.0m high, which is probably a linear spoil heap. This is an unlikely defensive structure.

According to the farmer at Rennesley, fragments of pottery have been found in the central area, but what type and by whom he did not know.

The mound is typical of a BA bowl barrow in shape size and the enclosure has the appearance of an incomplete homestead moat. But taken together no logical explanation is forthcoming.
Published survey (25") revised. (4)

TL 355180. Moated mound S of Rennesley Garden Wood - scheduled. (5)

In January 2001, English Heritage carried out a Level 1 field investigation of the site, which is essentially as described by previous investigators. The enclosure is formed in part by a series of rectangular fishponds, all of which have been subject to relatively recent cleaning and recutting.

Source 4 is correct in asserting that the so-called Bronze Age bowl barrow cannot be logically explained in the context of the surrounding medieval moat. This is because the mound is almost certainly a post-medieval windmill mound. It shows no signs of having been disturbed, which might be expected were it a barrow. It occupies a position on the brow of the hill, which would be ideal for a windmill. A mature oak tree at least ?150 years old standing on the side of the mound suggests that the windmill cannot have survived into the mid 19th century. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society
Source details : G Aylott
Page(s) : 133-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3, 1905-7
Source Number : 3
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Hertfordshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 209
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NKB 12-NOV-71
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source details : DOE (IAM) List Anc Mons 3 1978 52
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Field observation at Level 1 on TL 31 NE 15
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Uncertain Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Enclosure, Moat, Fishpond
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Windmill Mound
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HT 22
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 31 NE 15
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TL 31 NE 15
Start Date : 1971-11-12
End Date : 1971-11-12