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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 368800

Hob Uid: 368800
Location :
Cambridgeshire
South Cambridgeshire
Hardwick
Grid Ref : TL3720758248
Summary : A possible medieval to post-medieval moat which has been damaged by ploughing. The feature is obscured by trees on air photographs but numerous other platforms, scarps and ditched enclosures can be seen immediately to the north and south. These features lie on the same alignment as the supposed moat and also occupy a strip of land which is the same width. This broader context may indicate that the 'moat' is infact just part of a linear arrangement of settlement enclosures. The earthworks appear to be no longer extant on the latest 2013 vertical photography but the site of the moat is obscured by trees so no assessment could be made of its survival.
More information : (TL 372 583) Moat (NR) (1)

"A rectangular area 106 ft E to W by 156 ft is surrounded by a
ditch 13 ft to 25 ft wide, almost completely filled on the N
but up to 5 ft deep, and wet, on the S. A ditch 12 ft wide and
3 ft to 4 ft deep runs E for 40 ft from the N end of the
surviving part of the E side. The interior on the S is raised
1 1/4 ft for a distance of 56 ft from the S side. Scarps and
ditches S of the site apparently mark the boundaries of closes
shown on the enclosure and tithe maps of 1836". (2)

The feature previously published as waterfilled is now dry
except for a small puddle at the NE extremity where, as well as
an outward extension, a slight inturning suggests a N arm.
There is no other evidence for this, a baulk on line appears to
there in its own right and not as the remains of a ditch. Two
similar sized platforms ranged northwards may have been
associated but not in a defensive capacity, although authority
2 seems to have identified their central break as a nearly
filled moat ditch.

The area to the S is now being developed as a small housing
estate.
Published 25" survey revised. (3)

Possibly a mutilated homestead moat, the moat being perimeter/
decorative rather than defensive.

The site was partially excavated by L M Groube in 1975, for
Cambridgeshire Archaeological Committee. A limited excavation
of the interior produced no features and the ditch was crossed
by a ramp paved with large stones and bricks (after 1850). The
absence of this site from the 1837 enclosure map suggests it
may not be Medieval. (4)

This moat has been further reduced by ploughing. Only small
segments of the east and west arms survive as shallow
depressions 0.5m to 0.8m in depth. The south arm, visible as a
rubble filled depression has a shallow pond at its west end.

Published 1:2500 survey revised (5)

Groube's excavations were preceded by a trial excavation carried out by C Hazelgrove in 1974. This produced evidence which suggested that the moat dated from the C12/C13. However Groube subsequently contradicted this interpretation of the site, and claimed a C19 date for the moat, based on the results of his excavation of 1975. Hazelgrove addressed all the points raised by Groube's interpretation, and restates the case for a C12/C13 date for the Hardwick moat. A major obstacle to the resolution of this problem is that the finds from the 1974 trial excavation have been lost (6-7)

The moat described by authorities 1-7 above is obscured by trees on air photographs but numerous other platforms, scarps and ditched enclosures can be seen immediately to the north and south. These features, which are centred at approximately TL 3720 5824, lie on the same alignment as the supposed moat and also occupy a strip of land which is the same width. This broader context may indicate that the 'moat' is infact just part of a linear arrangement of settlement enclosures. The earthworks appear to be no longer extant on the latest 2013 vertical photography but the site of the moat is obscured by trees so no assessment could be made of its survival.
(8-9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM Cambs I 1968 128
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHS 03-APR-73
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Md Arch 20 1976 195 (L E Webster & J Cherry)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RD 03-NOV-82
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Cambridge Antiq Soc 72 1984 48-54 (C Hazelgrove)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Cambridge Antiq Soc 66 1976 175-6 (A Taylor)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : MAL/69053 V 0182 08-JUN-1969
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP BLP77 31-JAN-1973
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Moat, Rectangular Enclosure, Pond, Platform, Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork, Levelled Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Moat, Rectangular Enclosure, Pond, Platform, Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork, Levelled Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Cambridgeshire)
External Cross Reference Number : MCB1398
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 35 NE 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TL 35 NE 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-04-03
End Date : 1973-04-03
Associated Activities : Primary, HARDWICK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HARDWICK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TL 35 NE 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1982-11-03
End Date : 1982-11-03