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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 36899

Hob Uid: 36899
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Carhampton
Grid Ref : SS9904042010
Summary : A later prehistoric outwork in the form of an earthwork bank and ditch lies 200 metres south-east of the Iron Age Hillfort of Bat's Castle. The earthwork is arranged in a "zig-zag" pattern across the ridge where Bat's Castle is most vulnerable, and was presumably constructed to enhance the defences of the Hillfort.
More information : [SS 99044201] Earthwork (NR) (1)

A zig-zag bank of stones and earth, with a shallow ditch in front situated about 140 yds S.E. of Bat's Castle. Its total length is about 200 yards, and is 15-18 feet high. It is clearly of much later date than the camp and is probably one of the earthworks thrown up during the siege of Dunster Castle in the Civil War. (2)

There is no reason to suppose that this earthwork is of Civil War
date. From its construction and situation (out of sight of Dunster
Castle) it seems improbable. It crosses the approach to "Bats Castle" and, with its strong bank and outer ditch, is most likely to be associated with the hillfort. Surveyed at 1:2500. (3)

This earthwork, of the crossbank type, together with Bats Castle forms a probable Iron Age 'crossbank enclosure'. (4)

Additional bibliography. (5 & 6)

The outwork to Bat's Castle was surveyed at 1:1000 scale using GPS as part of the RCHME Exmoor Project. The earthwork lies 150m to the southeast of Bat's Castle. It comprises a bank and ditch, 170m long with an overall width of 15m, arranged in a "zig-zag" across the ridge where Bat's Castle is at its most vulnerable. The bank is 1.5m high at its southern end, rising to 3m by the gap, which may well be an original entrance (7-8).

The outwork can be seen on most aerial photographs of the area (9-10).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history Somerset, volume two
Source details : (C H Bothamley)
Page(s) : 486
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 02-AUG-65
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Source Number : 4
Source : Hillforts of the Iron Age in England and Wales : a survey of the surface evidence
Source details :
Page(s) : 206
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Source Number : 5
Source : The archaeology of Exmoor : Bideford Bay to Bridgwater
Source details :
Page(s) : 80, 87
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Source Number : 6
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : Parish Surveys in Somerset 3: Carhampton 1980 15 No D2 (J Dixon)
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Riley H 1998 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 8
Source : Bats Castle/ink survey
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Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 4217-18 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SS 9842/28 (DAP 6804/13) 15-MAR-1990
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Cross Dyke, Linear Earthwork, Bank (Earthwork), Ditch
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33443
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 34264
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 24002
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO9083
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 94 SE 18
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 36896
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 94 SE 18
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-08-02
End Date : 1965-08-02
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01