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Historic England Research Records

The Crump

Hob Uid: 370268
Location :
Essex
Uttlesford
Berden
Grid Ref : TL4699028950
Summary : Medieval ringwork, excavations have recovered 12th century pottery and metalwork including horseshoes and nails.
More information : (TL 4697 2895) Moat (NR) (1)
(TL 4699 2895) Mound (NR) (2)

A Norman ring-work, with overall diameter of about 180 ft was excavated at the Crump, Berden, by the owner. Finds consist of typical 12th C. assemblage of cooking pots, figure-of-eight bronze strip, wavy-edged horse-shoes and "fiddle key" nails. (3-4)

On the S and E sides the moat, now dry, has been partially filled in, while on the W and N sides, the moat still contains water, and is about 6 ft deep. (5)

The Crump (name verified) a circular earthwork situated in the garden of Stocks Farm c 1/2 mile S of Berden. It comprises a bank and outer ditch which encloses a saucer-shaped area, and measures c 53.0m overall diameter. The ditch is c 1.5m deep, the W arm waterfilled; the E arm is now dry, though it was originally wet. The bank is c 2.9m above the base of the ditch. The interior is not level but distinctly saucer-shaped, the height from base of "saucer" to top of bank being c 1.0m. The only break in the bank is on the S side, but there is no corresponding causeway across the ditch.

Neither the excavator nor the finds can be located.

Mr J Hedges (a) lists this and other similar works in Essex as ring mottes; Mr S E West (b) considers that the Suffolk examples may be Danish.

In four examples of these constructions in East Anglia, 12/13th C pottery has been found, but in such circumstances that the work cannot precisely dated. (See TL 42 NE 5).

Resurveyed at 1:2500. (6)

TL 470289. The Crump, ring motte at Stocks Farm. Scheduled 103. (7)

Listed by Cathcart King. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1923
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963 (Prov)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Norman castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 107
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Source Number : 4
Source : Essex Archaeological Society transactions
Source details : G M Knocker
Page(s) : 257,261
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Vol(s) : 1952-60
Source Number : 5
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Essex, volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 289,311
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NKB 11-MAR-75
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Source Number : 6a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Mr J Hedges oral Essex Co Archaeologist Chelmsford.
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Source Number : 6b
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Mr S E West oral Suffolk Co Archaeologist Bury St Edmunds.
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Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Eng Heritage SAMs Essex 1987, 18
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Source Number : 8
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 143
Figs. :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Ringwork, Findspot
Evidence : Earthwork, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Ringwork, Findspot
Object Type : HORSESHOE, NAIL, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : EX 103
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20665
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 42 NE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, THE CRUMP
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1954-01-01
End Date : 1954-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TL 42 NE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-03-11
End Date : 1975-03-11