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Historic England Research Records

Hospitals Of St Mary Magdalene And St John The Baptist

Hob Uid: 375292
Location :
Cambridgeshire
East Cambridgeshire
Ely
Grid Ref : TL5350080220
Summary : Remains of the dual hospitals of St Mary Magdalene and St John the Baptist. The former was founded by 1172, the latter circa 1200. They were united in 1254. The hospital was impoverished by 1454 and in 1500 seems to have been a sinecure free chapel. It was finally suppressed in 1561. The buildings were used to create farm buildings, the chapel being reused as a barn, and a 13th century domestic building being reused as a dovecote. An 8th century carved stone over the door of the barn is thought to be from the monastery of Ethelreda at Ely, (see TL58SW3).
More information : (TL 53508022) St John's Farm (NAT) (1)

The remains of the Medieval hospitals of St Mary Magdalene and
St John the Baptist now from the present day St John's Farm and
its outbuildings. St Mary Magdalene's Hospital is recorded in
1171-2 and is said to have been founded by Bishop Nigel (died
1169). The hospital of St John the Baptist was founded in the
13th century or earlier for a community of not more than 13,
including chaplains and lay brothers. The two hospitals were
united before 1254 under the name of St John the Baptist. It
probably ceased to function as a hospital by 1500, and was
suppressed in 1561 when the site was granted to Clare College,
Cambridge.

See plan annotated from information received from the
Department of the Environment for extant monuments as follows:

St John's Farmhouse, Grade 1. A 16th-17th century, two storey
brick and stone house incororating a Medieval timber frame. The
north front is plastered and the south front has Medieval
stonework.

Barn to the north of the farmhouse, Grade 1. This is the most
important of the remaining buildings and is believed to have
been the chapel of St Mary. It is now a simple, rectangular
structure measuring 41 feet by 25 feet and was apparently the
nave of the hospital chapel. There is now no clear evidence of a
chancel. The building is mainly 16th century, of stone and brick
with much re-used Medieval stone. The north wall incorporates
the remains of a 13th century pointed arcade with quadruple
shafts. Segments of simple shafts are built into the east wall.
Scheduled.

Dovecote, Grade 1. A small, Medieval rectangular building of
stone with brick patching, measuring 20 feet by 19 feet. It was
probably originally a domestic building attached to the 13th
century St Mary's hospital and later as a dovecote.

Barn 130 yards west of farmhouse, Grade 1. A Medieval building,
believed to have been the chapel of St John and of very early
13th century date. The north wall has four plain lancet windows,
now blocked and there is a 13th century pointed arched doorway,
also blocked. Above the doorway is a carved stone, much
weathered, representing a man riding on an ox and blowing a
horn. It is possibly of 8th century date and it is conjectured
(4) that it could have come from the Anglo-Saxon monastery of St
Etheldreda (see TL 58 SW 3). Scheduled.

A stone rubble wall (Grade 2) also incorporates reused Medieval
stone. (2-8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 12500 1974
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely : volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 308-10
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely : volume four
Source details :
Page(s) : 30-Jan
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 320,357
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society
Source details : L Cobbet & W M Palmer
Page(s) : 58,108
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 36, 1936
Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) City of Ely 19 6 72 48-50
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dovecotes of Cambs 1977 22 35 photo (P Jeevar)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE (IAM) AMs of Eng 13 1978 16
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C8
Monument End Date : 799
Monument Start Date : 700
Monument Type : Carved Stone
Evidence : Architectural Component
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Circa 1172-1500
Monument End Date : 1500
Monument Start Date : 1172
Monument Type : Hospital, Chapel
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1500
Monument Type : Chapel
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1561
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Chapel
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Converted to farm use
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : Dovecote, Barn
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CB 27
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CB 30
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 58 SW 13
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 375282
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :