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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 377705

Hob Uid: 377705
Location :
Norfolk
King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Hockwold cum Wilton
Grid Ref : TL6874088840
Summary : Excavation in 1962-5 uncovered the site of a Romano-Celtic temple dated to the C2nd to C4th AD. It was of rectangular plan and surrounded by a circular wall. Finds include fragments of priests' head dresses and two bronze head mounts.
More information : A Romano-Celtic temple dated 2nd to 4th century was discovered by F Curtis in dense wood at Sawbench, at TL 68748884 (1). The temple, set in a complex of narrow drainage ditches and timber-framed buildings with chalk floors, was excavated 1962-65 by the NRC (1). The rectangular cella approximately 10ft by 9ft, was indicated by four brick piles, the base for timber uprights supporting the roof; the floor of rammed chalk was renewed in the 3rd and 4th centuries. The outer temple wall, apparently circular, diameter approximately 30ft, was of 'clay lump' lined internally with painted plaster. Finds included fragments of priests' head-dresses, two bronze mounts with heads in high relief, a bronze letter from a votive inscription and 345 coins (4); coins of late 3rd and 4th centuries were found in the floor associated with deposits of bird bones (1). Two early 2nd century urned cremations in association with a deposit of red deer antlers and a bronze hand holding a branch, part of a statuette, were found in front of the temple (3). Finds are in Norwich Castle Museum. A Roman coin hoard in a pot was found in 1885, SE of the temple site at TL 689 888. (2). (1-5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Norfolk Rescue Committee
Page(s) : 12
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16, 1966
Source Number : 1a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Inf: Norwich Castle Museum
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Fenland in Roman times : studies of a major area of peasant colonization with a gazetteer covering all known sites and finds
Source details :
Page(s) : 239-40
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5
Source Number : 3
Source : Temples in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 11, 13, 19, 33, 37, 46, 53, 153
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 138, 160
Figs. :
Plates : 16
Vol(s) : 53, 1963
Source Number : 5
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 241
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 57, 1967

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 100
Monument Type : Temple, Cremation, Cinerary Urn
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Temple, Cremation, Cinerary Urn
Object Type : FIGURINE, HEAD DRESS, COIN HOARD
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 5367
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 5415
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 68 NE 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, SAWBENCH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1962-01-01
End Date : 1962-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SAWBENCH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1962-01-01
End Date : 1965-12-31