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Historic England Research Records

Gleaston Castle

Hob Uid: 38056
Location :
Cumbria
South Lakeland
Aldingham
Grid Ref : SD2615071450
Summary : Ruins of manorial castle. Rectangular in plan with towers to angles, three surviving. Probably early 14th century in date, dismantled in 1458, and abandoned in the late 15th century. The west and south towers are in good condition, but the rest of the castle is rather poor.
More information : [SD 26157145] Gleaston Castle [LB] (remains of [TI] (1)

Tradition claims an earlier stronghold here, presumably a motte and bailey, but no confirmation can be found. In 1250 there were remains of a curtain wall, which was strengthened and rebuilt with towers at the angles after 1316. In 1458 the castle was partly dismantled and fell into decay. Glasserton is mentioned in Domesday Book. (2)

The W and S towers are in good condition, but the rest of the castle is rather poor. There is no trace of the traditional motte.
See GPs AO/58/268/6-8 269/1-5. (3)

As described and illustrated above. The only surviving earthworks are overgrown foundations, generally amorphous. Published survey, 25", revised. (4)

Gleaston Castle Ruins of castle; probably early 14th century, abandoned late 15th century. Rectangular plan with rectangular towers to angles. No signs of wall to north, that to east now part of farm building. Grade 1. (5)

SD 261715 Gleaston Castle; scheduled. (6)

Listed by Cathcart King. (7)

14th century courtyard castle with towers succeeding a bailey. Traditionally there is a motte at the North-west corner. The wall and corner towers were built after a raid in 1316. The large North-West tower was added in 1340. In 1415, an indult was granted for a chapel. Abandoned 1458. Plan and illustration. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov 1956
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 142
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13 - 1913
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 19-JUN-58
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 FRH 18-JAN-67
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE Listed Buildings District of South Lakeland Cumbria 5.3.90 p7
Page(s) : 7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details :
Page(s) : 37
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 245
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jan-83
Source Number : 8
Source : The medieval fortified buildings of Cumbria : an illustrated gazetteer and research guide
Source details :
Page(s) : 381-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.29

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built circa 1250
Monument End Date : 1260
Monument Start Date : 1240
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Early C13
Monument End Date : 1332
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Castle, Bailey
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Walls built 1316
Monument End Date : 1316
Monument Start Date : 1316
Monument Type : Castle, Curtain Wall, Angle Tower
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Tower built 1340
Monument End Date : 1340
Monument Start Date : 1340
Monument Type : Castle, Angle Tower
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Abandoned 1458
Monument End Date : 1458
Monument Start Date : 1458
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CU 323
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 75785
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 7516
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 27 SE 28
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 27 SE 28
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1958-06-19
End Date : 1958-06-19
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 27 SE 28
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-01-18
End Date : 1967-01-18
Associated Activities : Primary, GLEASTON CASTLE, FURNESS PENINSULAR
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31