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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1141691

Hob Uid: 1141691
Location :
Northamptonshire
South Northamptonshire
Castle Ashby
Grid Ref : SP8620059200
Summary : Landscape park and formal gardens at The Castle. Gardens are documented during the later 17th century, were present to the east and north of the house and were enlarged between 1688-1712. A plan of 1760 shows the gardens comprising nine compartments. in 1760 Lancelot Brown simplified the garden scheme. Much of the present garden scheme dates to the 1860s and comprises the Terraces, the main gardens, which were laid out in 1862 by WB Thomas and Joseph Newton with buildings designed by Matthew Digby Wyatt. The gardens feature large amounts of terracotta garden furniture supplied by John M Blashfield's works at Stamford. Additional gardens were laid out during the later 1860s on the site of the kitchen garden. The park was documented in 1565 and in by 1695 planting of tree avenues and landscaping had started. Additional plans for improving the park were made by Robert Adam and Lancelot Brown in 1760-61. Brown's plan was chosen and work started in 1761 but was abandoned in 1774. An extension to the park was made circa 1874.
More information : Landscape park and formal gardens at The Castle. The park has Medieval origins and was landscaped in 1761 by Capability Brown who retained late 17th century and mid 19th century park elements. Much of Brown's scheme still survives. The gardens were created circa 1860 by Matthew Digby Wyatt and include Italian gardens of 1860, formed from 18th century kitchen gardens and four linked terraced gardens of 1865 which originally had parterres. The walled kitchen gardens are 19th century in date. (1)

Gardens are documented during the later 17th century and were present to the east and north of the house. The gardens were enlarged in 1688 and had been completed by 1712. A plan of 1760 shows the gardens to comprise nine compartments. The gardens were simplied in 1760 by Lancelot Brown. Much of the present garden scheme dates to the 1860s and comprises the Terraces, the main gardens, which were laid out in 1862 by WB Thomas and Joseph Newton with buildings designed by Matthew Digby Wyatt. The gardens feature large amounts of terracotta garden furniture supplied by John M Blashfield's works at Stamford. Additional gardens were laid out during the later 1860s on the site of the kitchen garden. The park was documented in 1565 and by 1695 planting of tree avenues and landscaping had started. Additional plans for improving the park were made by Robert Adam and Lancelot Brown in 1760-61. Brown's plan was chosen and work started in 1761 but was abandoned in 1774. An extension to the park was made circa 1874. (2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Northamptonshire
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 30
Source Number : 2
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Northamptonshire, revised 28-May-2004
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : PART 30

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Documented 1565
Monument End Date : 1565
Monument Start Date : 1565
Monument Type : Park
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Enlarged 1688-1712
Monument End Date : 1712
Monument Start Date : 1688
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Landscaped by 1695
Monument End Date : 1695
Monument Start Date : 1695
Monument Type : Landscape Park
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1760-74
Monument End Date : 1774
Monument Start Date : 1760
Monument Type : Landscape Park
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Simplified 1760
Monument End Date : 1760
Monument Start Date : 1760
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Created 1862
Monument End Date : 1862
Monument Start Date : 1862
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Extended c1874
Monument End Date : 1884
Monument Start Date : 1864
Monument Type : Landscape Park
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Created late1860s
Monument End Date : 1869
Monument Start Date : 1867
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Botanical Feature

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Register of Parks and Gardens Legacy No.
External Cross Reference Number : GD1347
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 85 NE 60
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :