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Historic England Research Records

Ixworth Roman Fort

Hob Uid: 385184
Location :
Suffolk
West Suffolk
Pakenham
Grid Ref : TL9313069750
Summary : The site of a Roman fort at Ixworth. It was probably built in response to the Boudiccan revolt and was only in use till the end of the 1st century AD. A civilian settlement (possible Roman Small Town) then took over the site. The remains of a water tower were also discovered. All archaeological features beneath the road, including the remains of the water tower, are presumed to have been destroyed by the construction of this road.
More information : TL 932698. Ixworth (Pakenham). Early Roman fort, suggested to have been built after Boudicca's revolt, succeeded by a small town growing up at a road junction and river crossing. Air photographs show the southern angle of the fort and the SW and SE sides, the whole overlain by a road system, buildings, pits and post-holes extending over an area of several acres (1). The existence of the fort (accepted by Frere) has been tested by a trial trench at TL 93146975, revealing ditches and pottery of the 1st century and later (4). Brown (5) reports the uncovering by ploughing and trial digging for ballast of occupation layers with hut sites and roads. (For numerous Roman finds see subsidiary records and 25" Record Sheet. For pottery kilns see 1.11 and 1.12). (1-6)

The fort measures c 193 by 215m and encloses 10 acres (4 ha). Its defences include three ditches. The overlying settlement may owe its existence to an important local pottery industry. (7)

Excavation of fort area revealed multi-phase occupation. Finds, pottery and coins, suggest that the hypothesis of a Post-Boudican campaign as the context of the military campaign is correct. The fort was short lived, being followed by a civilian development in late C1 and C2. (8-9)

The ramains of a small, rectangular sunken timber structure were found, associated with a ditch containing traces of pipe fittings. The structure, which had collapsed or been dismantled at the end of hte forth century AD, was interpreted as a tower used for the storage or supply of water.

Excavations were carried out in advance of the construction of a new bypass across the site. The structure lay on the line of the road. All archaeological features beneath the road, including the remains of the water tower, are presumed to have been destroyed, and it is proposed that scheduling should be revised to exclude the area now occupied by the road. (12)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 127-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 59, 1969
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Suffolk Landscape 1972 p63 (N Scarfe)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History
Source details :
Page(s) : 96
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 29, 1961-2
Source Number : 12
Source : English Heritage Alternative Action Report
Source details : Bamford, Helen 17-DEC-1998
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 91
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1967
Source Number : 4
Source : Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History
Source details :
Page(s) : 116,184
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 27, 1955-7
Source Number : 5
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" (B Brown 23.12.55)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (032FE JK St Joseph)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Roman Britain from the Air 1983 pp94-5 photo (S S Frere & J K St Joseph)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 6: Bulletin
Source details :
Page(s) : 41-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 31, 1986
Source Number : 9
Source : Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History
Source details :
Page(s) : 328
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 35, 1984
Source Number : 10
Source : Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History
Source details :
Page(s) : 95,166,295
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 28, 1959-60

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Human Remains, Inhumation, Cinerary Urn, Fort, Settlement, Pottery Kiln, Bridge, Town
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Burial
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Human Remains, Inhumation, Cinerary Urn, Fort, Settlement, Pottery Kiln, Bridge, Town
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, ARMLET, BOWL, BRICK, COIN, SPEAR, WALL PLASTER, VESSEL, VASE, STYLUS
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Uncertain
Component Monument Type : Burial
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Suffolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 2
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Suffolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 27
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 96 NW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, PRIORY FARM AND POULTRY FARM
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1937-01-01
End Date : 1937-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PRIORY FARM AND POULTRY FARM, IXWORTH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1957-01-01
End Date : 1957-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, IXWORTH ROAD, PACKENHAM
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1957-01-01
End Date : 1957-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PRIORY FARM, GRIMSTONE END
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1957-01-01
End Date : 1957-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, IXWORTH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, IXWORTH BYPASS CABLING
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, IXWORTH REPEATER STATION, MILL ROAD, PAKENHAM
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BARNHAM CROSS WTW TO LITTLE WHELNETHAM RESERVOIR
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2012-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31