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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 389512

Hob Uid: 389512
Location :
Essex
Tendring
Little Oakley
Grid Ref : TM2230029000
Summary : The site of a partially excavated early Roman villa discovered in 1939. Building foundations, window glass, painted wall plaster, a mosaic and a possible graffito on a piece of wall plaster showing a timber framed building were found. The building was c35m in length with a corridor at the back and front and a line of rooms. The walls were of Septoria, supporting a wooden superstructure internally. The villa was built in the early Roman period and rebuilt, after a fire c.A.D. 60, in the early 2nd century and occupied until the 4th century AD. The destruction rubble was carefully redeposited. An area examined outside the villa revealed a possible southern boundary ditch and demolition rubble. Finds of Late Iron age pottery and a piece of daub may indicate settlement of the site; occupation evidence from the Neolithic to Saxon times was noted.The Saxon occupation includes early mid and late Saxon material, though it is likely that the site was not occupied continuously.
More information : TM 223291. An extensive Roman building or buildings lay in the field just SW of Foulton Hall and extended into the next field. During road works etc in 1939 considerable foundations were noted. Lt Cdr R H Farrands reports that there are foundation-trenches of robbed walls, remains of pavements in black and white mosaic and coarse red and yellow tesserae. A sunken room was filled with broken mosaic pavement, plaster painted in many colours and pottery including 305 of the fourth century. Window glass and 2nd century pottery was found unstratified. Iron Age 'C' pottery was found 18 ins deep on the earliest occupation surface with some daub, a bone tool, and a stone rubber. (1-2)

(TM 22252914 a) Roman building. (3)

TM 222 292 The site of a previously discovered Roman building was partially excavated before redevelopment. The building had been seriously affected by robbing, ploughing and house construction. The building was c35m in length with a corridor at the back and front and a line of rooms. The walls were of Septoria, supporting a wooden superstructure internally. The villa was built in the early Roman period and rebuilt, after a fire cA.D. 60, in the early 2nd century. The destruction rubble was carefully redeposited. Among the wall plaster was a small piece of grafitto showing what could be a timber framed building. An area examined outside the villa revealed a possible southern boundary ditch and demolition rubble. Occupation evidence from Neolithic to Saxon times was noted. (4-5)

Villa listed. (6)

ES 49 Listed as a Roman villa. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of the county of Essex, vol 3 : Roman Essex
Source details :
Page(s) : 164-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Colchester Archaeological Group annual bulletin
Source details : (RH Farrands)
Page(s) : 43-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1, 1958
Source Number : 3
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" (Maj J Brinson, 1950)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Essex archaeology and history : transactions of Essex Archaeological Society
Source details : (C.R. Couchma)
Page(s) : 100
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 9, 1977
Source Number : 5
Source : Essex archaeology and history : transactions of Essex Archaeological Society
Source details : (MR Eddy)
Page(s) : 105
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 11, 1979
Source Number : 6
Source : Studies in the Romano-British villa
Source details : No 28
Page(s) : 29
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 64
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number :
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : P.M. Barford, Excavations at Little Oakley Essex, 1951-78: Roman Villa and Saxon settlement, East Anglian Archaeology reports 98, NMR0007220.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 98, 2002

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Settlement
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Settlement
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Late Iron Age
Display Date : Late Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -100
Monument Type : Findspot, Settlement
Evidence : Find, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Graffiti, Villa, Mosaic
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early, mid and late Anglo-Saxon
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 450
Monument Type : Settlement
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Late Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot, Settlement
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Graffiti, Villa, Mosaic
Object Type : VESSEL, WALL PLASTER, WINDOW GLASS
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 3313
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TM 22 NW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 389531
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LITTLE OAKLEY ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1978-12-31