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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 392756

Hob Uid: 392756
Location :
West Sussex
Arun
Angmering
Grid Ref : TQ0531004510
Summary : Site of a Roman villa with a bath house and second bath building dating from 90-110 AD and 75-80 AD respectively. No C4 occupation evident. Evidence for the use of the site during the Iron Age was revealed through excavation.
More information : (TQ 05360450) Roman Villa (GSC) (site of) (1)

A Roman villa and subsidiary buildings have been partially excavated in a meadow between Angmering and Poling.
a. The villa (TQ 05310451), not yet fully excavated, lies within an area bordered by marshes to the east and north and a ditch to the south and west. A ditch (D) and some pits (TQ 05240444) were found to contain early Iron Age pottery, bones, and pot-boilers.
b. The main bath-building (TQ 05380454) was constructed at the beginning of the Flavian period and lasted until the mid-second century. The main drain leads to a ditch to the north. Finds in the bath-house include Samian and coarse pottery, coins, bronze implements, a 'Swarling' type brooch and Belgic pottery.
c. A roughly constructed bath-house (TQ 05440449) south east of the main bath house, is approximately 35ft by 15ft. There were little or no foundations.
Building E (TQ 05420448) is 60ft by 24ft with walls 2' 6" thick, with the exception of the south sall which is 6 inches narrower. Part of the top section of a rotary quern was found in this building.
f. Trial trenches have revealed the foundations of one or more buildings (TQ 05460446) which may have been of timber.
Building (TQ 05430443) is 20' 3" by 13' 6" with walls approximately 7ft thick, and is similar to the temple of Autun in France and a building on Jordan Hill near Weymouth. It resembles in many ways a small temple or tomb, but lacks the surrounding wall usually associated with Romano-Celtic Temples. Some pre-Roman sherds and irregularly placed post-holes indicate an earlier building which had been incorporated. Pottery found in the earliest of the two ditches SE of building F suggests a date AD 43-70.
Scheduled. (See Illustration Card). (2-6)

The line of the walls of the main building 'A' are traceable on the ground as flint rubble footings centred at TQ 05290451. An excavation trench is still open. An excavation plan of the building suggests a villa of indeterminate type. The principal bath house walls at 'B' are traceable with difficulty as the site has been badly mutilated. The cloaca is visible as a tiled drain, c 3m in depth below the present ground level, and 0.7 m in width, the walling brick having been excavated and found undisturbed. On the site of the sub-bath house 'c' centred at TQ 05430447 are partially filled excavation trenches, spoil heaps and coarse vegetation, making it impossible to trace any building line on the ground. The same applies to buildings 'E', centred at TQ 05420447, 'F', centred at TQ 05450446, and 'G', ? temple, centred at TQ 05420446.
The whole villa site is covered by a heavy scatter of Ro. brick and tile, spoil heaps and partially-filled excavation trenches and, in places, dense, coarse vegetation. No attempt has been made to restore or preserve any portion.
Surveyed a 1:2500, in conjunction with, and with reference to, the General Plan of Angmering Roman Villa, scale 1/16. (R Cutler), now held by Littlehampton Museum. (7)

The field in which the villa is sited is at present freshly ploughed. All traces of the excavation have been erased, and all that remains is a wide scatter of Ro brick and tile, and flints. The site lies upon a raised piece of ground encircled, except to the E, by low-lying, formerly marshy land. (8)

Cinliffe notes `striking similarities' between Angmering villa and the Fishbourne proto-palace (SU 80 SW 5) just 14 miles to the west. He argues that in date, size, plan and constructional and decorative detail, the two buildings are closely comparable and suggests the possibility that the same architect may have been involved. (9-11)

Additional references - general discussions on villas. (12-17)

Stamped tile in the bath building dates to c.90-110 AD. Building demolished c.160. Indications of a date of c.75-80 AD for other baths. There does not seem to have been 4th century occupation. Detailed discussion of the detached bath-building. (18)

WS 1 Listed as the site of a Roman villa. (19)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey 6" Prov 1962
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details :
Page(s) : Mar-44
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 79, 1938
Source Number : 11
Source : Excavations at Fishbourne, volume 1 : the site
Source details :
Page(s) : 397
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 26
Source Number : 12
Source : The towns of Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 255
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : Studies in the Romano-British villa
Source details :
Page(s) : 201
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 113
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : Archaeology in Sussex to AD 1500
Source details :
Page(s) : 56
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 29
Source Number : 16
Source : The Romano-British countryside : studies in rural settlement and economy
Source details :
Page(s) : 271
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 103
Source Number : 17
Source : The south east to AD 1000
Source details :
Page(s) : 191-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 18
Source : The Roman villas of south-east England
Source details :
Page(s) : 87-9, 152
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 171
Source Number : 19
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 181
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 19a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RAF Aerial Photographs CPE/UK 1843 4050 and 4051)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details :
Page(s) : 88-92
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 80, 1939
Source Number : 20
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage Schedule Entry 31/01/1997
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details :
Page(s) : 82-107
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 84, 1944-5
Source Number : 5
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details :
Page(s) : Jan-21
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 86, 1947
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ancient Monuments in England and Wales 1961 p88 (MOW)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : First OS Archaeology Field Investigator 30/04/1952
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Second OS Archaeology Field Investigator 02/01/1970
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : The Regni
Source details :
Page(s) : 76-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Fishbourne : a Roman palace and its garden
Source details :
Page(s) : 70, 165
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Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Boundary Ditch, Pit
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : AD 65
Monument End Date : 65
Monument Start Date : 65
Monument Type : Baths
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 160
Monument Start Date : 90
Monument Type : Villa, Mosaic, Bath House, Building, Corn Drying Oven, Temple, Agricultural Building, Industrial Building
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Conjectural Evidence, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Boundary Ditch, Pit
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : TWEEZERS, COIN
Object Material : Silver, Bronze
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Villa, Mosaic, Bath House, Building, Corn Drying Oven, Temple, Agricultural Building, Industrial Building
Object Type : QUERN
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WS 112
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (West Sussex)
External Cross Reference Number : 2243
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 29240
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 00 SE 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ANGMERING VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1819-01-01
End Date : 1819-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ANGMERING VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1936-01-01
End Date : 1938-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ANGMERING VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1939-01-01
End Date : 1946-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ANGMERING VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1941-01-01
End Date : 1944-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 00 SE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1952-04-30
End Date : 1952-04-30
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 00 SE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-01-02
End Date : 1970-01-02