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Historic England Research Records

Amberley Castle

Hob Uid: 393214
Location :
West Sussex
Horsham
Amberley
Grid Ref : TQ0272413195
Summary : A manor house of the Bishops of Chichester, still retained in the south east corner of the present castle, dates to circa 1140. This building was altered in 1200 and 1330. Bishop William Rede gained a licence to crenellate in 1377, and built the present castle between 1377-1382. The castle is a quadrilateral plan with a right-angled south east corner, originally with internal corner towers of which only the north west and south east survive. In the centre of the north wall is a projecting garderobe, the projection east of it being the kitchen. In the south wall two projecting semi-circular towers flank the gateway. The curtain wall is surrounded by a dry moat which always lacked a drawbridge. The occupied parts of the castle in the south east corner were remodelled in the 16th century, and have been altered several times since, particularly in 1927. A cottage occupies the possible site of the chapel. The ruins of the free-standing Great Hall occupy the eastern half of the site, and are mainly late 14th century. Bishop Sherburn was the last Bishop to occupy the castle as a residence, it being leased thereafter. The upper walls have been restored and recrenellated since the 1643 slighting.
More information : (TQ02731322) Castle (GT). (1)

Reconditioning has shown that the mediaeval work of Amberley Castle (or more precisely, fortified manor-house) belongs to five periods, c1140, c1200, c1330, 1377 and 1508-36. Two foundations have been uncovered running into the churchyard and probably represent buildings demolished when the place was fortified. (See AO/LP/63/200). Amberley Castle (uninhabited parts) Scheduled.(2-4)

Substantial and outstanding remains in part still inhabited and the residence of Lady Emmet. Surveyed (moat only) at 1:2500. (5)

Short illustrated account of history and architecture. (6)

Listed by Cathcart King. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details : W D Peckham
Page(s) : 21-63
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 62, 1921
Source Number : 3
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details : W D Peckham
Page(s) : 226-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 69, 1928
Source Number : 4
Source : Ancient monuments in England and Wales : list prepared by the Ministry of Works, corrected to 31st December 1960
Source details : AM's Eng & Wales 1961, 89 (MOW)
Page(s) : 89
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 PAS 20-OCT-70
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Source Number : 6
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 60-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 142, 1985
Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 469
Figs. :
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Source : Field report on TQ 01 SW 2 - 20-OCT-1970
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1140-1377
Monument End Date : 1377
Monument Start Date : 1140
Monument Type : Manor House, Bishops Palace
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built between 1377-1382
Monument End Date : 1382
Monument Start Date : 1377
Monument Type : Fortified Manor House, Great Hall, Bishops Palace
Evidence : Extant Building, Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1508-1536
Monument End Date : 1536
Monument Start Date : 1508
Monument Type : Fortified Manor House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Ceased as residence 1536
Monument End Date : 1536
Monument Start Date : 1536
Monument Type : Bishops Palace
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Slighted 1643
Monument End Date : 1643
Monument Start Date : 1643
Monument Type : Fortified Manor House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Modernised 1927
Monument End Date : 1927
Monument Start Date : 1927
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WS 1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 298221
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 01 SW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 01 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-10-20
End Date : 1970-10-20
Associated Activities : Primary, AMBERLEY CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31