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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 398446

Hob Uid: 398446
Location :
The City of Brighton and Hove
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TQ2760007200
Summary : Site of a Roman villa of 3rd to 4th century date with 2nd to 3rd century corn drying ovens, with evidence for Late Bronze Age and Iron Age occupation. Site now destroyed.
More information : Area TQ 276 072 See Map Diagram: LBA - Roman occupation (including a basilican Ro villa associated with 11 corn drying kilns) found during building operations and excavated 1947-9. (Published site of Ro villa on OS 6" at TQ 2752 0729 incorrect). (1-2)

BRONZE AGE: Two sites of LBA occupation:-
A: TQ 2760 0712: An "oval cooking place" in natural clay with c 3/4 cwt of pottery, charcoal and animal bones overlaid by a thick layer of pot boilers, and to the north, an LBA pot containing flint chippings etc in a small cavity in the subsoil.
B: TQ 2761 0705: At least two storage vessels in scoop cavities; two bronze palstaves and a broken winged axe were found when a water main trench was dug. A short ditch or gully contained many fragments of LBA pottery. Stray finds of the period included two barbed and tanged flint arrowheads and scrapers.
IRON AGE: Four rectangular pits (4, 5, 21 & 23) were associated with Iron Age A1 AB and BC pottery. Contents also included daub and minor finds.
C1 AD OCCUPATION EXTENDING INTO RO PERIOD: Ditches (DEF) were dated C1 BC-AD and cut by an RB ditch. A late C1 inurned cremation (BS1) was found at TQ 2759 0711. Pits 6-16, 22 & 24 (? storage pits) were associated with a possible working floor.
C2-C4 AD: A basilican villa (TQ 2751 0723) was dated C3-C4.
A series of 11 corn drying ovens C2 and early C3 were associated with ditches (probable road or field boundaries) and one was overlaid by C3-C4 occupation floors.
A RB hut floor or workshop (TQ 2762 0716) contained iron tools, C2-C3 or C4 pottery etc. Burial site 3 (TQ 2756 0711) comprised three groups of cremations. Other finds include a NE/EBA chipped flint axe. Pottery finds in Hove Museum. (3)

No trace of LBA - Ro occupation, the area occupied by housing development. Find is store at Hove Public Library (No acc nos). (4)

EA 25 Listed as the site of a Roman villa. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details : 1950 (N E S Norris and G P Burstow)
Page(s) : Jan-56
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 89
Source Number : 2
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details : 1951-2 (N E S Norris and G P Burstow)
Page(s) : 221-40
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 90
Source Number : 3
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov Edn 1930-8
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NKB 21-MAR-72
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 60
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 5a
Source : Agricultural buildings in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 142
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 70

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Ditch, Pit
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Pit, Ditch
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Later Prehistoric
Display Date : Late prehistoric
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Flint Scatter
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : C2/C3
Monument End Date : 299
Monument Start Date : 100
Monument Type : Corn Drying Kiln, Cremation, Ditch, Field Boundary, Road
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : C3/C4
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 200
Monument Type : Villa
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : AXE
Object Material : Flint
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Ditch, Pit
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD, AXE, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery, Bronze
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Pit, Ditch
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Later Prehistoric
Component Monument Type : Flint Scatter
Object Type : SCRAPER (TOOL)
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 20 NE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WEST BLATCHINGTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1818-01-01
End Date : 1818-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WEST BLATCHINGTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1947-01-01
End Date : 1949-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 20 NE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-03-21
End Date : 1972-03-21