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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 45 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 942703
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1185842781
Summary : A large Bronze Age bell barrow, known as Amesbury 45, survives as earthworks and forms part of the Cursus barrow group (Monument Number 219681). The round barrow has an overall diameter of 56m and comprises a central mound which stands 3.5m high and sits on a roughly concentric but sub-circular plinth completely surrounded by a ring ditch. Berms separate the bottom of the mound and the edge of the plinth and the bottom of the plinth and the ditch. The mound was excavated by Colt Hoare in the early 19th century (Barrow 30), who found a simple unaccompanied cremation close to a cist of black ashes with a few bits of burnt bone. The barrow was listed as Amesbury 45 by Goddard (as a very large bell barrow 15ft high) and by Grinsell (as a bell barrow). In 1913 Maud Cunnington noted it was in good condition having never been ploughed. The barrow was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project.
More information : `C' - SU 11864278; Amesbury 45, a bell barrow with an overall diameter of 194ft. (1) Excavations by Colt Hoare (Barrow 30) located a primary cremation close to a cist full of ashes and a few bits of burnt bone. (2)

Amesbury 45, a ditched bell barrow 56m in overall diameter and approximately 4m high. (3)

Originally recorded as Amesbury 45 by Goddard. With a note by Maud Cunnington: condition good, 1913, never ploughed. (4)

The barrow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (6-8)

The Bronze Age bell barrow referred to above (1-8) was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. It measures circa 56m in overall diameter and comprises a central mound which stands 3.5m high and sits on a roughly concentric but sub-circular plinth completely surrounded by a ring ditch. The base of the mound measures circa 26m in diameter and the top is 8m. Berms separate the bottom of the mound and the edge of the plinth (between 1m and 5m wide) and the bottom of the plinth and the ditch (between 2m and 5m wide). The plinth is 36m and the berm is 41m in diameter. The ditch measures 0.5m deep and between 5m and 7m wide. The plinth suggests the barrow is of at least two phases of construction. The hollow in the top of the mound probably relates to Hoare's excavation. There are some modern erosion scars on the eastern and southern sides of the mound and the plinth appears to have spread to the south-west, which could be a result of disturbance either from excavation or scrub vegetation. (9-10)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : L Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 207
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Source Number : 2
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 169
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 11-APR-69
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 169
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Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 5
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 573
Page(s) : 193
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Plates :
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Source Number : 6
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : USAAF US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1050-1052 24-DEC-1943
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Source Number : 7
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1242/127 (WAP 11820/27306) XX-XXX-1977
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1142/64 (15197/23) 03-JAN-1995
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Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/28-MAY-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 10
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Amadio, L & Bishop, S 'The Cursus Barrows and surrounding area.' Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 85/2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) : 85-2010

Monument Types:
Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Bell Barrow, Pit, Round Barrow
Object Type : CREMATION
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW746
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10342
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 427
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219815
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 942709
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942712
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942696
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942705
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942691
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31