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Historic England Research Records

Starfish Bombing Decoy Sf11b

Hob Uid: 1463136
Location :
Cheshire West and Chester
Ince
Grid Ref : SJ4738176581
Summary : A Second World War bombing decoy site at Ince. It was commissioned in December 1940 as a 'Permanent Starfish' site to deflect enemy bombing from the city of Liverpool. In 1941 a 'QF' decoy was incorporated into the site as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys for Liverpool. The 'Starfish' decoy operated by lighting a series of controlled fires during an air raid to replicate an urban area targeted by bombs. The 'QF' decoy was essentially a smaller scale 'Starfish', which was designed to replicate a civil target struck by bombs. The site is referenced as being in use until 1943. The decoy site is visible as a series of demolished structures on air photographs. No surface features are visible on the latest 1992 Ordnance Survey vertical photography.
More information : A Second World War bombing decoy site is visible as a series of demolished structures on air photographs, centred at SJ 4736 7658. No surface features are visible on the latest 1992 Ordnance Survey vertical photography. (1)

A Second World War 'Permanent Starfish' bombing decoy located at Ince (SJ 472 767). It was constructed to deflect enemy bombing from Liverpool. It is referenced as being in use between 01-MAR-1942 and 08-APR-1943. It was also the site of a 'QF' decoy, which was built as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys for Liverpool.
Further civil bombing decoy sites for Liverpool were located at Formby (SD 284 048), Little Crosby (SD 307 017), Lydiate (SD 347 038), Knowsley (SJ 421 955), Halewood (SJ 461 866), Hale (SJ 454 833), Brimstage (SJ 297 833), Moreton (SJ 247 909), Hoylake (SJ 229 882), Heswall (SJ 245 820), Little Hilber (SJ 189 872), Burton Marsh (SJ 286 749) and Gayton (SJ 269 796).
Further 'Starfish' bombing decoy sites for Liverpool were located at Formby, Hale, Brimstage, Wallasey (exact position not traced), Little Crosby, Heswall, Moreton, Llandegla, Llanasa, Fenn's Moss, Little Hilber, Burton Marsh and Gayton. (2)

The Starfish site was originally located at SJ 477 761. (3)

NGR concords with that given in source 2. 'Starfish' sites for Liverpool were commissioned in December 1940. The first civil decoys for Liverpool were in place by the summer of 1941. The bombing decoys for Liverpool had limited success, possibly because the decoys were positioned too far out from their intended targets. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 106G/UK/626 4319 10-AUG-1945
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Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 3. Bombing decoys of WWII : England's passive air defences, 1939-45
Source details :
Page(s) : 126,133,149
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Source Number : 3
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two bombing decoy sites
Source details :
Page(s) : 65
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Source Number : 4
Source : Fields of deception: Britain's bombing decoys of World War II
Source details :
Page(s) : 135,213,278
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Second World War
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Bombing Decoy, Starfish Site
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Cheshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 4225/0/1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Cheshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 4225/0/2
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 47 NE 21
External Cross Reference Notes :

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Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE:NORTH WEST COAST NMP RAPID COASTAL ZONE ASSESSMENT SURVEY
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-11-26
End Date : 2009-05-22
Associated Activities : Primary, LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31