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Historic England Research Records

Fulham Palace

Hob Uid: 401267
Location :
Greater London Authority
Hammersmith and Fulham
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TQ2400076100
Summary : Medieval moated Bishop's palace first documented during the 12th century. The present building was constructed in 1480 and was altered 1506-22, 1750 and 1764-66. The palace was also remodelled in 1814. Excavations in 1972 located evidence for possible Roman or post-Roman in origins for the moat. These excavations also located a part of a Roman settlement and Neolithic and Mesolithic activity.
More information : It is known that there has been a bishop's palace in Fulham since at least the eleventh century. The present Fulham Palace was constructed in 1480 by Bishop Kemp with additions carried out by Bishop Fitzjames in 1506-22; Bishop Sherlock in 1750 and by Stiff Leadbetter for Bishop Terrick in 1764-6. The palace was remodelled and refronted by S.P Cockerell for Bishop Howley in 1814, this included the transition of the Great Hall into a chapel. The palace was the official residence for the Bishop of London until 1973. (1-3)

The palace was originally surrounded by a moat, which was first documented in the 12th century, it is still visible as an earthwork enclosing an area of 14.5 hectares. The earthwork is considered to be Medieval but various interpretations on its date and function include an Iron Age or Early Medieval earthwork and a Roman defended enclosure. Excavations carried out in 1972 revealed that the moat had been cleared out by the end of the 18th century destroying any earlier evidence. However, the discovery of a possible late 4th century bank indicates the possibility that the earthwork originates from the post-Roman period.

A rescue excavation and resistivity survey carried out, during 1975-76, in the north-west corner of the moated area revealed that c. 0.4 hectares had been annexed during the Medieval period. This appears to have takened place by the 13th century and enclosed the immediate area of the palace.

The excavations carried out in 1972 have also identified a number of Roman features including a ditch terminal, a pit containing the skulls of a horse and dog and a possible building. These features may represent a Roman settlement, possibly part of the settlement identified south of the River Thames (TQ 27 NW 3). Mesolithic and Neolithic activity was also identified. (4-6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Weinreb B, Hibbert C. 1983. The London Encyclopaedia, 298
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in London. Volume II: West London, excluding Westminster Abbey
Source details :
Page(s) : 34-36
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham: 8th amendment, 11th Nov 1988
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The London archaeologist
Source details : (K Whitehouse)
Page(s) : 142-47
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2, 1974
Source Number : 5
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 446
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5, 1974
Source Number : 6
Source : Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 45-72
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 29, 1978
Source Number : 7
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Greater London
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 17

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Mesolithic
Display Date : Mesolithic
Monument End Date : -4000
Monument Start Date : -10000
Monument Type : Lithic Working Site
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Lithic Working Site
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Earthwork, Settlement, Animal Burial, Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Documented C12
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Moat, Bishops Palace, Earthwork
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Constructed in 1480
Monument End Date : 1480
Monument Start Date : 1480
Monument Type : Bishops Palace
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1506-22
Monument End Date : 1522
Monument Start Date : 1506
Monument Type : Bishops Palace
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1750
Monument End Date : 1750
Monument Start Date : 1750
Monument Type : Bishops Palace
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1764-66
Monument End Date : 1766
Monument Start Date : 1764
Monument Type : Bishops Palace
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Remodelled 1814
Monument End Date : 1814
Monument Start Date : 1814
Monument Type : Bishops Palace
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Lithic Working Site
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 201787
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LO 134
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 27 NW 39
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1061373
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1061373
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE MOAT
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1964-01-01
End Date : 1964-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE MOAT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1973-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE, WALLED GARDEN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE, PADDOCK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE, LAWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE WALLED GARDEN AND PLAYGROUND
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE, FULHAM PALACE ROAD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE COURTYARD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ALL SAINTS PRIMARY SCHOOL, BISHOPS AVENUE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE GARDENS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BISHOPS PARK, FULHAM PALACE ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE MOATED SITE, BISHOPS AVENUE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE (THE WARREN/MOAT GARDENS)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE, PALACE ROAD
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THE KING'S HEAD PH, 4 FULHAM HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE, BISHOPS AVENUE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ALL SAINTS PRIMARY SCHOOL, BISHOPS AVENUE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE MOAT
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ALL SAINTS' HALL, FULHAM HIGH STREET
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE PLAY CENTRE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE MOAT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WALLED GARDEN, FULHAM PALACE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE, BISHOP'S AVENUE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE WALLED GARDEN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2012-01-01
End Date : 2012-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE GARDENS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE WALLED GARDEN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT FULHAM PALACE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2016-01-01
End Date : 2016-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MOAT GARDEN, FULHAM PALACE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2016-01-01
End Date : 2016-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FULHAM PALACE GARDENS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2016-01-01
End Date : 2016-12-31