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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 404843

Hob Uid: 404843
Location :
Greater London Authority
Southwark
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TQ3250080200
Summary : An extensive Roman settlement is recorded at Southwark covering 15 acres with tessellated pavements and finds of pottery, coins, timber, nails and tiles. Possible inhumations and cremations.
More information : (Centred TQ 325802) Unfortified Roman settlement at
Southwark, covering about 15 acres at the southern end of the
supposed site of a Roman bridge across the Thames, and occupied somewhat closely by fairly prosperous houses; details as follows:-

1. (TQ 325797) 100 yds north of St Georges church, flue and
roof-tiles found. Gaulish and other pottery, beads, glass, a
bell, 1st to 3rd century coins and "fresco paintings of a
superior kind" were also uncovered.

2. (TQ 325800) A pavement of roughly shaped ragstones, found
at a depth of 21 ft in 1908 during drain cutting operations.
Above the pavement were fragments of 1st and 2nd century pottery.

3. (TQ 327801) At Kings Yard a fragment of tessellated pavement
was uncovered. Flue and roof tiles, fragments of a stamped
amphora, Gaulish and other pottery, a key and coins of Vespasian, Domitian and Justinus were also found on the site.

4. (ST 326801) Red stucco, reported found where Stoney Street
now joins High Street.

5. (TQ 327801) Tessellated pavement found at the corner of
High Street and St Thomas's Street in 1819 at a depth of 10 ft.

6. (TQ 327802). Tessellated pavement reported during the
demolition of the south wing of the outer quadrangle of
St Thomas's Hospital in 1840. It was surrounded by walls of
flint and rubble with courses of Roman tiles. Several coins
of the Constantine family were said to have been found on the
floor.

7. (TQ 327802). Portion of red tessellated pavement found
circa 1910 at the SE corner of St Saviour's Churchyard.

8. (TQ 326802). Mosaic pavement reported on the south side of
St Saviour's Church in July 1820. Fragments of a pavement and
Roman bricks worked into the walls were reported in 1825, and
in 1931 stone foundations were uncovered under the choir of the
church running NE and SW.

9. (TQ 326802). In 1839 in digging the foundations of warehouses
round St Saviour's Church, traces of walls were found together
with tesserae, "frescoes" etc. A tessellated pavement "of a
handsome pattern" was found partly under St Saviour's Grammar
School and an adjoining house.

10. (TQ 324804) Timber, nails and iron-work found in
December 1868, at the corner of Clink Street.

Supposed to be a Roman landing place.

11. (TQ 324803). Roman pavement with borders of wreathed columns interwined with a serpent, found in Park Street.

12. (TQ 325801) Tessellated pavement discovered in 1820 on the
site of Cure's College between Park Street and Southwark Street.

13. (TQ 324801) Fragments of tessellated pavements, wall
paintings, and other remains, found below Southwark Street in
1862 at a depth of from 10 to 26 ft.

14. (TQ 322801) Roman pottery above a number of piles and
puddled clay, found in 1866 on the south side of the street
between Southward Square and Worcester street.

15. (TQ 321802) On the other side of Southwark Street, 135 ft
from (14), a pavement of red tesserae and remains of Roman
pottery were found.

Some inhumation and cremation burials are mentioned although in some cases the evidence is vague.

Customer comment recieved February 2017: 'This entry could be updated to include the Roman bath-house found by the Thameslink project, which I understand is now a new scheduled monument in its own right, now preserved under the new Pret A Manger shop on corner of approach to London Bridge Station (source: conversation with Network Rail's consultant archaeologist on that project).'

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in London. Vol. III: Roman London
Source details :
Page(s) : 11-14,23-4,26-8,35,43,47,52, 148-9, 167
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Settlement, Tessellated Floor
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Settlement, Tessellated Floor
Object Type : COIN, VESSEL, TILE, TESSERA
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 38 SW 317
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 957554
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1145683
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1145852
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1145892
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1145912
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 957563
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, 134-138 BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 78-80 BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1973-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 128-132 BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 38 BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1979-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 179 SOUTHWARK BRIDGE ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1980-01-01
End Date : 1980-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 10-16 SOUTHWARK STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1981-01-01
End Date : 1981-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 28 PARK STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1984-01-01
End Date : 1984-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 10-14 UNION STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 22 BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 21-27 ST THOMAS STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, REDCROSS WAY
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 52-54 SOUTHWARK STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 10-16 UNION STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 179-191 BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 120-124 BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COURAGE BREWERY/3 REDCROSS WAY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MONTAGUE CHAMBERS, MONTAGUE CLOSE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 18 PARK STREET (REAR)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 17-19 REDCROSS WAY/UNION STREET
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, JUBILEE SEWER SHAFT, BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SOUTHWARK STREET, (JUBILEE LINE EXTENSION), ST THOMAS STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, REDCROSS WAY CABLE TRENCH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, OUTSIDE 97-99 BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, REDCROSS WAY GROUTING SHAFT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, O'MEARA STREET GROUTING SHAFT, O'MEARA STREET CAR PARK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MAIN TICKET HALL, BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BOROUGH HIGH STREET, BATTLE BRIDGE DIVERSION SCHEME
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LONDON BRIDGE SITE 8, (MAIN TICKET HALL), BR STATION APPROACH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LONDON BRIDGE CITY AREA 5, MEPC CAR PARK, LONDON BRIDGE STATION
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BULL WHARF LANE, UPPER THAMES STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MAIDSTONE BUILDINGS, 72-76 BOROUGH HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FORMER YORK CLINIC, 117 BOROUGH HIGH STREET AND NAG'S HEAD YARD WORKSHOP
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31