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Historic England Research Records

Lewes Castle

Hob Uid: 406713
Location :
East Sussex
Lewes
Lewes
Grid Ref : TQ4140010100
Summary : Remains of flint built castle, begun circa 1100, extended in the 12th and 14th centuries, recently modified. The castle is approached from the South by an early 14th century barbican which is followed by the Early Norman gatehouse which contains herring-bone coursing. There is some contemporary walling to its right and left, also, and more substantial curtain walling East of the Castle Gate House. On the West mound stands a shell-keep, again early Norman though strengthened by two 13th century turrets. The only other remains are some walling and a tunnel-vault North of the keep belonging to a house along the path West of Castle Banks and some chalk masonry of the other mound, called Brack Mount. Originally there was a second shell-keep here.Lewes Castle. Gate and Keep early C12, or possibly late C11. Towers C13. Barbican C14. Additional Castle Walls round the bowling green and car-park. Medieval walls of flint and rubble. C13.
More information : (Centred TQ 414101) Castle (NR) (Rems of) (1)

Founded by William de Warenne and first built of flint (not wood) about 1100. It is distinguished by the strange feature of two mounds, both artificial. (2)

The castle is approached from the S by an early 14th c Barbican which is followed by the Early Norman gatehouse which contains herring-bone coursing. There is some contemporary walling to its right and left, also, and more substantial curtain walling E of the Castle Gate House. On the W mound stands a shell-keep, again early Norman though strengthened by two 13th c turrets.

The only other remains are some walling and a tunnel-vault N of the Keep belonging to a house along the path W of Castle Banks and some chalk masonry of the other mound, called Brack Mount. Originally there was a second shell-keep here. (3)

See plan (4)

The castle is as described (see Lewes Castle guide). See ground photographs. Published survey 25" correct. (5)

Lewes Castle. Gate and Keep early C12, or possibly late C11. Towers C13. Barbican C14. Additional Castle Walls round the bowling green and car-park. Medieval walls of flint and rubble. C13. (6)

Scheduled monument no. 12872 (7)

Article on the castle grounds from 1600-1850, when they were used as pleasure grounds for the Lewes townsfolk. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 2
Source : Sussex
Source details :
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Sussex: volume seven: the Rape of Lewis
Source details :
Page(s) : 19-24
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : L F Salzman
Page(s) : 260
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 116, 1959
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 PAS 05-MAY-72
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE(HHR) Lewes MB, E Sussex, May 1969, 4
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Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAMs 12872
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Circa 1100
Monument End Date : 1110
Monument Start Date : 1090
Monument Type : Motte
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Early C12
Monument End Date : 1132
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Castle, Shell Keep, Gatehouse
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C13
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Tower, Keep, Curtain Wall
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C14
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Barbican
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 12872
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : EH Property Number
External Cross Reference Number : 397
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 292991
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 292992
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 292996
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 292997
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 293002
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 41 SW 71
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LEWES CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1884-01-01
End Date : 1884-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LEWES CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1937-01-01
End Date : 1937-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BRACK MOUNT,LEWES CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1962-01-01
End Date : 1962-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LEWES CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1969-01-01
End Date : 1969-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BRACK MOUNT DITCH/4, CASTLE BANKS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1971-01-01
End Date : 1971-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 41 SW 71
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-05-05
End Date : 1972-05-05
Associated Activities : Primary, LEWES CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1985-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE LODGE, CASTLE PRECINCTS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THE MALTINGS, CASTLE PRECINCTS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31