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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 408203

Hob Uid: 408203
Location :
Essex
Epping Forest
Theydon Garnon
Grid Ref : TQ4740097800
Summary : Site of a Roman 3rd-4th century AD villa uncovered by excavation. Only part of the villa was uncovered, a hypocaust system and tesselated floors were found. The site is marked by a surface scatter of building debris. A Roman bronze vase and lead ossuary were found in 1863.
More information : A possible Roman burial was found by a workman 5ft deep, by the side of a spring about 1/4 mile from the present channel of the river Roden at Theydon Mount (Garnon) (TQ 47359786), "there being a hollow and a mound contiguous to the spring". The objects comprised a cylindrical lead cist with cover, 15 ins. high and 7 ins. in diameter, a bronze ewer, a Samian cup, and indented beaker, a globular bottle and fragments of several black platters. They were exhibited to the Society of Antiquities by W.B.Smith in 1863. (1-2)

Excavations by R. Brooks in 1967-8 centred TL 474978 uncovered the site of a 3rd-4th century Roman villa. Only a small section of the building was excavated and a report on the site and the finds is due to be published next year (1976/7) in the Essex Journal. The site of the Roman burial was not confirmed. (3)

Scheduled listing. (4)

ES 69 Listed as the site of a Roman villa. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of the county of Essex, vol 3 : Roman Essex
Source details :
Page(s) : 188
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 184-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2, 1861-4
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 PAS 27-APR-76
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Miss P Wilkinson, Passmore Edwards Museum
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Essex 1987
Page(s) : 11
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 66
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 5a
Source : Essex journal: a review of archaeology and local history
Source details :
Page(s) : 51-66
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1977
Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 20-Aug-94
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Villa, Findspot
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Villa, Findspot
Object Type : OSSUARY, VASE
Object Material : Lead, Bronze

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : EX 146
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 24857
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 135
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 49 NE 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 408199
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ABRIDGE ROMAN VILLA, HILL FARM, ABRIDGE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1967-01-01
End Date : 1968-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 49 NE 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1976-04-27
End Date : 1976-04-27