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Kirkham Roman Fort

Hob Uid: 40835
Location :
Lancashire
Fylde
Kirkham, Newton-with-Clifton
Grid Ref : SD4351031890
Summary : The site of a Roman settlement, cemetery, and fort. The site hs been excavated although there are no surface remains. Excavation by Pickering in 1959 revealed traces of the south-west and south-east rampart and ditch system of the fort, indicating a construction of two periods. The first phase had two ditches, whilst the second followed the normal modification of the addition of a stone wall, and the replacement of the two ditches by a single ditch 30ft wide. Several fragments of Flavian Samian ware suggest initial occupation in the 1st century AD, with the bulk of the finds falling in the first half of the 2nd century when the site appears to have developed into an extensive vicus.
More information : SD 436319. Roman Settlement (R) (site of) (NAT) (1)

'Kirkham - In my opinion the site near Dow Bridge should be marked as "Site of Roman Settlement". I have found Samian and other RB pottery'. (2)

'In the fields adjoining Dowbridge, and in Millfield were discovered ....several....urns....querns,and a few coins of Hadrian' (117-38 AD) (3)

(SD 435319) Urn with cremation and an 'amulet' of pieces of iron "perforated with three-cornered holes, by which its links had been attached to a thong" (Lorica Scales). 'Not far from this spot' seven more urns were found in 1849, also a small Lachrymatory (see plan). (4)

The western outlier of the Roman settlement pattern is represented by the site at Carr Hill, Kirkham (SD 431 319); 19th century sources show that the remains were heavily robbed for sandstone blocks. The discovery of the umbo of a shield and record of an auxiliary cavalryman's tombstone make it likely that the site was initially at least a fort along the Roman road (RR703). Excavation by Pickering in 1959 revealed traces of the SW and SE rampart and ditch system of the fort indicating a construction of two periods. The first phase had two ditches, whilst the second followed the normal modification of the addition of a stone wall, and the replacement of the two ditches by a single ditch 30ft wide. Several fragments of Flavian Samian ware suggest initial occupation in the 1st century AD with the bulk of the finds falling in the first half of the 2nd century when the site appears to have developed into an extensive vicus. (5-6)

(SD 43103191) "During digging for drainpipes for new houses about 18 months to 2 years ago, labourers cut through, at about 2 to 3 feet depth, a bank or wall of cobbles packed with clay, which was orientated about north and south. It appears to have been part of the west side of the encampment. Beneath the wall, an earlier bank of laminated turves was discernible. Mr Sergeant of Carr Hill House has in his possession a photograph of the exposure".

"Fragments of Roman pottery were found in association with the cobble wall", which was also encountered east of the old windmill. Pottery fragments are at Preston. (7)

Among pottery recovered from a contractors' trench at the end of 'Pennine View' (SD 431320) in 1960 was the upper part of a small Roman pottery lamp. It is of a common 2nd century type (Wheeler'sType IIIa, London in Roman Times, 1930 65). (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1970
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RONB 1930 19
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Lancs Arch Bulletin 1 1975 1 (B Edwards)
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Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Letter (H Burrows, West Thorn Pouton-le-Fylde 16.4.30)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist of Parish of Kirkham 1874 5-6 (H Fishwick)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : P Lancs & Ches HS 3 1851 59-61 plan (Rev W Thornber)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Arch J 127 1970 241-2 (G D B Jones)
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : West Lancashire Evening Gazette 10.9.1959 (E E Pickering)
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 13-NOV-57
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Source Number : 7b
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Oral (Mr R C Shaw 24 Ribblesdale Place Preston)
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Source Number : 7c
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Oral (Mr E G Sergeant, Carr Hill House Kirkham Preston)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Settlement, Cemetery, Fort
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 43 SW 29
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, MILL HEY FIELD/NEW ENGLAND SPRING
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1840-01-01
End Date : 1849-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 43 SW 28
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1957-11-13
End Date : 1957-11-13
Associated Activities : Primary, CARR HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1959-01-01
End Date : 1959-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DOWBRIDGE CLOSE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DOWBRIDGE CLOSE (KIRKHAM ROMAN FORT)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT 36 DOWBRIDGE CLOSE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT 46 MICHAEL'S ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31