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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 409300

Hob Uid: 409300
Location :
Kent
Tonbridge and Malling
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TQ5901546715
Summary : A Medieval town wall was built from 1259 in the reign of Henry III. None of the wall survives, but part of the ditch remain and the whole course may be traced. Excavations in 1976 confirmed these defences, when a ditch and a clay bank were found.
More information : [Extends from TQ 5879 4673 to TQ 5921 4645]
Fosse [NR]
Fosse [NR] (Site of) [NAT] (1)

[See reproduction from Kent 50-12] Earthwork [NR] (four times) (2)
Licence to enclose the town of Tonbridge with a wall, and to
crenellate it, was granted by Henry III in 1259. None of the wall
survives but parts of the ditch remain and the whole of the course maybe traced. The enclosure is completed by the Medway on the south and
a tributary stream on the west. Some of the water from the latter mayhave been diverted to fill part, at least, of the ditch. (3-5)

Short stretches of the inner bank, sometimes reduced to an outward
facing scarp, with traces of the ditch, are visible here and there in
open parts of the town.
Published survey (1:2500, 1959) correct. (6)

[TQ 591 468] In January 1976, excavations were carried out on
Tonbridge's town defences. A clay bank c. 10 metres wide and standingc. 4.5 metres high without revetment was uncovered. A shallow ditch, c. 6 metres wide and 2.5 metres deep, lay outside. The presence of more material in the bank than could have been excavated from the ditch suggests that the defences may be contemporary with the diversion of the river, probably in the middle 13th century. The suggested position of the medieval gate, adjacent to High Street, was also excavated and the front face of the bank was located; there was no evidence of the gate, which presumably lies under the present road. (7-12)

Description. (13)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25"1896
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:25OO 1959
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details : (A D F Streeten)
Page(s) : 105-118
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 92 - 1976
Source Number : 12
Source : CBA research reports
Source details : Medieval Towns in England and Wales (ed) Barley
Page(s) : 58-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 14 - 1975
Source Number : 13
Source : Kent's Defence Heritage
Source details : Gazetteer Part 2: KD37
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Calendar of Patent Rolls 1258-66 108
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details : (W D Simpson)
Page(s) : 72
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : May-40
Source Number : 5
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Kent, volume one
Source details : (I C Gould)
Page(s) : 425
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1908
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 28-JAN-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 169
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17 - 1973
Source Number : 8
Source : Kent archaeological review
Source details : (A Webster)
Page(s) : 128
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 45 - 1976
Source Number : 9
Source : Archaeological excavations
Source details : (J Money)
Page(s) : 89-90
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1972
Source Number : 10
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details : (C B Giles)
Page(s) : 230
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 87 - 1972

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Defences built from 1259.
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1259
Monument Type : Town Defences
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : KE 136
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 54 NE 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 54 NE 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-01-28
End Date : 1963-01-28