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Historic England Research Records

Knole House

Hob Uid: 409840
Location :
Kent
Sevenoaks
Sevenoaks
Grid Ref : TQ5396154219
Summary : A late 15th century archbishop's house, possibly on the site of an earlier medieval manor dating to between 1281 and 1456; later it became a Royal Tudor residence and later still it was altered as a Jacobean country house. It is constructed of Kentish ragstone, except for a later half timbered addition. It was built for Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury. King Henry VIII obtained Knole, along with Otford Palace, from Archbishop Cramner in 1532. In contrast to Otford, Knole was a smaller house; and King Henry apparantly intended to reserve it for his personal use when travelling through that area of the country, whilst the bulk of his retinue could stay at Ottford. There has been some debate as to whether Henry VIII had part of the house known as The Green Court added, or if this had in fact been added by one of Cranmer's ecclesiastical predecessors. Knowle eventually left Royal ownership and became the seat of the Sackville family. It underwent major remodelling in the Jacobean style between 1605 to 1608 for Thomas Sackville. There may have been further rebuilding later in the 17th century after a fire.
More information : [TQ 5395 5420] Knole [NAT] (1)

Knole - late 15th century and Jacobean; seat of Lord Sackville, built by Thomas Bouchier, Archbishop of Canterbury; presented to National Trust with 52 acres. (2-3)

Knole, a private residence with park (TQ 55 SW 17) as described above, is in excellent condition. (Pamphlet supplied.) (4)

Knole, Grade I, Knole Park. Seat of Lord Sackville. Late 15th century and Jacobean. The stone garden walls adjoining the house are also listed Grade I (For full description see list.) (5)

Knole, full description and history. (For outbuildings see TQ 55 SE 31, TQ 55 SW 22, TQ 55 SW 14, 23 and 24.) (6-7)

Additional bibliography. (8-12)

Additional bibliography (not consulted). (13-15)

This is the description for Knole's entry in the Register of Parks and Gardens. Please see description for further details. (16)

See National Trust website for visitor details. (17)

This website is a digitised version of a guide to Knole House which was published in 1910. Please see site for further details. (18)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : 1614/11/A May 1949
Page(s) : 34
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 9, 1874
Source Number : 10
Source : The history of the King's Works, volume 4 : 1485-1660 (Part 2)
Source details :
Page(s) : 217-9
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Medieval Britain from the air
Source details :
Page(s) : 210-211
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details :
Page(s) : Jan-14
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 91, 1975
Source Number : 13
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Phillips J. 1930. A History of the Sackville Family
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : Country Life
Source details :
Page(s) : 772, 826, 862
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 31
Source Number : 15
Source : Country Life
Source details :
Page(s) : 134, 197
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 63
Source Number : 16
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Kent
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 24
Source Number : 17
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : The National Trust. 2009. Days out and visits: Knole <> [Accessed 15-MAY-2009]
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Source Number : 18
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : Guide to Knole, its state rooms, pictures and antiquities [accessed 04-JAN-2010]
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ward. G 1931. Sevenoaks Essays
Page(s) : 153-6
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 05-AUG-64
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Sevenoaks. September 1972
Page(s) : 32
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5c
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Sackville West V. 1923. Knole
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5d
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Gotch 1894. Guide to Knole.
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : West Kent and the Weald
Source details :
Page(s) : 356-63
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Fedden R. Joekes R. 1982. National Trust Guide
Page(s) : 129-133
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 13-146
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 127, 1970

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Manor documented 1281
Monument End Date : 1456
Monument Start Date : 1281
Monument Type : Manor House
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built late C15
Monument End Date : 1500
Monument Start Date : 1467
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Repaired 1609-1700
Monument End Date : 1700
Monument Start Date : 1609
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Jacobean
Display Date : Altered 1605-1608
Monument End Date : 1608
Monument Start Date : 1605
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 172227
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 82396
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 55 SW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 409866
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 409860
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 409734
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1547505
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1544159
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1544171
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1544173
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 55 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-08-05
End Date : 1964-08-05
Associated Activities : Primary, KNOLE HOUSE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, KNOLE HOUSE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAUNDRY COTTAGE GARDEN, KNOLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, KNOLE HOUSE AND PARK
Activity type : MANAGEMENT SURVEY
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT KNOLE HOUSE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ORANGERY HOUSE, KNOLE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, KNOLE HOUSE
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, KNOLE ORANGERY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, KNOLE HOUSE GARDENS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, STONE COURT, KNOLE HOUSE
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT KNOLE HOUSE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT KNOLE HOUSE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31