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Historic England Research Records

Castle Hill

Hob Uid: 41172
Location :
Lancashire
Lancaster
Halton-with-Aughton
Grid Ref : SD4996064810
Summary : Medieval motte and bailey castle surviving as an earthwork. The motte is about 100 feet in diameter at its base and rises 12 feet above the level of the bailey. The top measures about 35 feet across. The ditch between the motte and bailey is traceable although partly filled up by ploughing. A crescentric shaped baliey is situated to the north east. Scheduled.
More information : (SD 49966480) Castle Hill (NR) (1).

Castle Hill. A small motte and bailey castle situated at the extreme corner of a promontory. The motte is about 100ft in diameter at its base and rises 12ft above the level of the bailey, the top measuring about 35 ft across.

The ditch between the motte and bailey, almost filled in by ploughing, is still traceable. The crescentric shaped bailey lies to the north east, its interior has apparently been raised artificially about 4ft above its immediate surroundings. A rampart is still visible on the north and north west sides and is traceable on the north east - the ditch outside has been nearly filled by ploughing. Tracks made by grazing animals have tended to obliterate the previously ploughed defensive earthworks (2-6).

The above description is substantially correct. The motte is 3.2m above the level of the bailey and the flat top of the motte is 9.5m in diameter, its slopes merge with the natural slope of the hill on the south and south west sides Traces of the ditch between motte and bailey are visible but not surveyable. On the north side of the bailey there is a slight ditch 0.3m deep.

On top of the motte the foundations of a 1939/45 war lookout post are visible, and there are some undressed stones in the banks of the motte and bailey, but no structural remains. See photograph (7).

SD 4996 6480. Castle Hill motte and bailey, Halton. Scheduled
RSM No 13410 (8).

Listed by Cathcart King (9).

The site was mapped as part of the Lancashire NMP project. No additional detail to that mentioned by Authorities 1-9 was discernible from aerial imagery. The condition of the earthworks remains largely unchanged on the latest 2010 aerial photography.

A small area of post medieval narrow ridge and furrow ploughing (UID 1612194) is visible in the former area of the bailey, levelling some of the defensive earthworks on the south-eastern perimeter and any internal features (10-12).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" (Prov) 1930/1 - 1938
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Lancaster, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 524-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1908
Source Number : 11
Source : Light detection and ranging (lidar) airborne survey
Source details : LIDAR SD4964 Environment Agency FIRST RETURN 27-NOV-2006
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Source Number : 12
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SD4964 12-APR-2010
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist of Lancs ed 1868 2 607 (Baines)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Arch Survey of Lancs 1896 12 (W Harrison)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 311
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 11
Source Number : 6
Source : Ancient monuments in England : a list prepared by the Department of the Environment, corrected to 31st December 1971
Source details :
Page(s) : 13
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Vol(s) : 1973
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 EG 02-DEC-53
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details :
Page(s) : 8
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Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 245
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jan-83
Source Number : 10
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF/106G/LA/262 RP 3017 04-MAY-1945
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : World War II
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Observation Post
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LA 13
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 13410
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lancashire)
External Cross Reference Number : MLA435
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 46 SE 9
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1612194
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 46 SE 9
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1953-12-02
End Date : 1953-12-02