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Scotney Castle

Hob Uid: 412175
Location :
Kent
Tunbridge Wells
Lamberhurst
Grid Ref : TQ6895035250
Summary : Originally an irregular quandrangle castle situated on two islands which was probably constructed in 1378 by Roger de Ashburnham, Conservator of the Peace in Kent and Sussex. All that remains of the castle is a single round tower (the Ashburnham Tower) which was originally one of 4 angle towers. The emplacements of the other 3 can still be seen but the curtain wall survives only as a revetment to the surrounding wet moat. The attached brick house was built in the 17th century. Both the house and castle were reduced to ruins circa 1840. The present house, situated 300 metres to the northeast, was constructed in 1837-43.
More information : [TQ 68953525] Scotney Castle [GT] (rems of) [TI] (1)

Scotney Castle was situated on an island in a lake-like moat which was separated from the River Bewl to the south by a narrow embankment. Entrance to it was from the north by a drawbridge first to another island and then by a defended bridge connecting the two islands. The castle was reduced to ruins about 1840 and only one of four corner towers, (dating from 1377), of the enceinte wall, the doorway of another, the lower part of the entrance gateway, and some fragments of old walls, remain. There are also the ruins of a house said to have been built by Inigo Jones.

The uninhabited parts of Scotney Castle are scheduled as an ancient monument. [See plan - illust card (3)] (2-5)

Scotney Castle is as described above. The castle ruins and the moat are well preserved. The property is open to the public on certain days of the year.
Published survey (25" 1938-47) correct. (6)

No change. (7)

TQ 689353. Scotney Castle. The castle is of the same type as its neighbour Bodium, being a fortified house surrounded by a large moat. The old castle itself was pulled down in the Elizabethan period and an Elizabethan house was built on the site. This again has fallen into ruins, except for a small fragment which is lived in by the bailiff. Single surviving Medieval round tower has an Elizabethan dwelling house built onto it. Much of this is roofed and furnished, but it is not occupied. Adjoining it is a completely roofless ruined area, maintained as a sort of garden feature. Base of stone curtain and trace of towers also survive but part of the circuit has a later brick wall built on top of it. To the south of the principal moated area are two further islands. The more northerly still has stone abutments for the original wooden bridge and there are two fragments of ivy covered stonework still standing. The island is otherwise grass covered with a few conifers etc. (8)

TQ 689353. Scheduled listing. (9)

Scotney consists of the fragment of a 14th century moated castle in the valley with a 17th century house attached, and a new house built on the hill for Edward Hussey in 1837-44. (10)

Ruins Listed Grade I. (11)

Originally an irregular quandrangle castle situated on two islands which was probably constructed in 1378 by Roger de Ashburnham, Conservator of the Peace in Kent and Sussex. All that remains of the castle is a single round tower (the Ashburnham Tower) which was originally one of 4 angle towers. The emplacements of the other 3 can still be seen but the curtain wall survives only as a revetment to the surrounding wet moat. The attached brick house was built in the 17th century. Both the house and castle were reduced to ruins circa 1840. The present house, situated 300 metres to the northeast, was constructed in 1837-43. Scheduled (13)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : CASTLES OF ENGLAND
Source details :
Page(s) : 85-88
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DNH List 10-Oct-1989
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Kent
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 24
Source Number : 13
Source : English castles : a guide by counties
Source details :
Page(s) : 128-9
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details :
Page(s) : 38-48
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17, 1887
Source Number : 4
Source : Country Life
Source details :
Page(s) : 470
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : (6 Sept 1956)
Source Number : 5
Source : Ancient monuments in England and Wales : list prepared by the Ministry of Works, corrected to 31st December 1960
Source details :
Page(s) : 46
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 29-JAN-63
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 ASP 22-OCT-69
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Ancient Monuments Records Manual and county sites and monuments records
Source details : DOE (IAM) Record Form 1986
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 32
Source Number : 9
Source : County list of Scheduled Ancient Monuments : December 1987
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 10
Source : West Kent and the Weald
Source details :
Page(s) : 506-08
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Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Constructed 1378
Monument End Date : 1378
Monument Start Date : 1378
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle, Moat, Curtain Wall, Angle Tower
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C17 construction
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Reduced to ruins c1840
Monument End Date : 1850
Monument Start Date : 1830
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle, House
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Constructed 1837-43
Monument End Date : 1843
Monument Start Date : 1837
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : KE 40
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 24400
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 170059
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 63 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 617354
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 63 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-01-29
End Date : 1963-01-29
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 63 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1969-10-22
End Date : 1969-10-22
Associated Activities : Primary, SCOTNEY CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SCOTNEY OLD CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT SCOTNEY CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, A21 LAMBERHURST BYPASS, SCOTNEY CASTLE ESTATE
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, A21 LAMBERHURST BYPASS (PHASE II)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT SCOTNEY CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT SCOTNEY CASTLE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT SCOTNEY CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THE OLD CASTLE, SCOTNEY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SCOTNEY CASTLE MANSION
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SCOTNEY CASTLE ESTATE: THE STABLES
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, OLD SCOTNEY CASTLE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, OLD SCOTNEY CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SCOTNEY CASTLE ESTATE
Activity type : MANAGEMENT SURVEY
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31