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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 41302

Hob Uid: 41302
Location :
Lancashire
Lancaster
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SD4750061900
Summary : Masonry indicative of a bath house and a Roman inscription indicating rebuilding in AD 363-6 were found in 1812. In 1973 excavations revealed the remains of a Roman stone bath house building, with hypocaust substantially intact, which had replaced earlier timber structures. The discovery of column drums and painted wall plasters indicate that this may be the principal bath house of the Vicus (SD 46 SE 48). An uninscribed altar was also found.
More information : (SD 475619) Masonry indicative of a bath house and a Roman
inscription (RIB 605) indicating rebuilding in AD 363-6, were found
near the junction of Bridge Lane and Church Street Lancaster in
1812. Excavation on the east side of Mitre Yard, near the find spot,
in 1973 revealed the remains of a Roman stone bath house building,
with the hypecaust substantially intact, which had replaced earlier
timber structures. The quality of the remains, including column drums
and painted wall plasterm implied a building of some importance,
probably the principal bath house of the vicus (SD 46 SE 48).
An uninscribed altar was also found. The proximity of the bath
house and find spot of RIB 605 indicate that it is the one referred
to in the inscription rather thanthe bath house inside the fort
(SD 46 SE 24). The Inscription is at present in Ribchester Museum
on loan from St John's College, Cambridge. (1-3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Roman inscriptions of Britain, 1. Inscriptions on stone; addenda and corrigenda
Source details :
Page(s) : 202-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1965
Source Number : 2
Source : Contrebis : bulletin of archaeology and local history for Lancashire and the north west
Source details : (T W Potter & D C A Shotter)
Page(s) : Oct-19
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2 no 1 - 1974
Source Number : 3
Source : Contrebis : bulletin of archaeology and local history for Lancashire and the north west
Source details : (G M Leather)
Page(s) : 06-Dec
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2 no 2 - 1974

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Altar, Inscribed Stone, Column, Bath House
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Altar, Inscribed Stone, Column, Bath House
Object Type : WALL PLASTER
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 46 SE 49
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, MITRE YARD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MITRE YARD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31