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Historic England Research Records

Sissinghurst Castle

Hob Uid: 417584
Location :
Kent
Tunbridge Wells
Cranbrook & Sissinghurst
Grid Ref : TQ8077038300
Summary : Remains of a courtyard house standing close to the site of a 12th century moated manor house. Three of the moat arms survive, two are still waterfilled while the third has been converted into a grass walk. The manor house was demolished after 1490 and replaced by a mansion standing on higher ground to the west. This house was itself largely demolished between 1560 and 1570, leaving only the brick-built entrance range, probably originally the stable range, part of which was probably extended in the 17th century. A substantial courtyard house was subsequently built on the site but this had fallen into disrepair by 1800 and many of the buildings were dismantled, leaving only the South Cottage, which had formed the south eastern corner of the house, and the gatehouse. The remnants housed the parish workhouse between 1796 and 1855 and were later used as farm buildings. The site was sold in 1930 and subsequently altered and restored. The Priest's House, now standing in the gardens developed after 1930, dates from the 16th century and was always a free-standing building. It is thought to have housed the chaplain associated with a chapel which was founded on the site in 1235.
More information : [TQ 80773830] Sissinghurst Castle [NR] (Remains of)
[TQ 80773832] St. John's Chapel [NR] (Site of)
[TQ 80913830] Moat [NR] (1)

A manor house existed at Sissinghurst from the 12th century. It probably lay in the present orchard which is bounded on two sides by a moat. A Chapel to St. John the Evangelist founded in 1235 and mentioned in 1639, occupied a site close to the house. The present buildings are the remains of a mansion erected c1535-40 which was restored by the present owners. The name "Castle" was attached to the house after it had housed French prisoners of war during the 18th century. (2-4)

Sissinghurst Castle, a private residence, is as described above, and in excellent condition. There are no visible remains of St. John's Chapel. The two remaining arms of the moat are waterfilled and in good condition. GP's. AO/62/294/7. Gatehouse from SE: /8 Principal building from SE: AO/62/228/1 Main entrance, gateway from W: /2 Gatehouse from W. Published survey (25" 1906) correct. (5)

Remains of a courtyard house standing close to the site of a 12th century moated manor house. Three of the moat arms survive, two are still waterfilled while the third has been converted into a grass walk. The manor house was demolished after 1490 and replaced by a mansion standing on higher ground to the west. This house was itself largely demolished between 1560 and 1570, leaving only the brick-built entrance range, probably originally the stable range, part of which was probably extended in the 17th century. A substantial courtyard house was subsequently built on the site but this had fallen into disrepair by 1800 and many of the buildings were dismantled, leaving only the South Cottage, which had formed the south eastern corner of the house, and the gatehouse. The remnants housed the parish workhouse between 1796 and 1855 and were later used as farm buildings. The site was sold in 1930 and subsequently altered and restored. The Priest's House, now standing in the gardens developed after 1930, dates from the 16th century and was always a free-standing building. It is thought to have housed the chaplain associated with a chapel which was founded on the site in 1235. Listed Grade I. (7-10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1909
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Country Life
Source details : Sackville-West V
Page(s) : 410-412
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : (28 Aug 1942)
Source Number : 3
Source : Country Life
Source details :
Page(s) : 458-61
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Plates :
Vol(s) : (4 Sept 1942)
Source Number : 4
Source : Country Life
Source details :
Page(s) : 506-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : (11 Sept 1942)
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 19.10.62
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Kent
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 24
Source Number : 7
Source : The Buildings of England
Source details : West Kent and the Weald (1980)
Page(s) : 529-531
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Kent castles
Source details :
Page(s) : 215-216
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Sissinghurst Castle : an illustrated guide
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Tunbridge Wells, 19-MAY-1986
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C12
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Manor House, Moat
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Founded 1235
Monument End Date : 1235
Monument Start Date : 1235
Monument Type : Private Chapel
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built after 1490
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1490
Monument Type : House, Stable
Evidence : Demolished Building, Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Demolished 1490
Monument End Date : 1490
Monument Start Date : 1490
Monument Type : Manor House
Evidence : Demolished Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : 1560-70
Monument End Date : 1570
Monument Start Date : 1560
Monument Type : House, Courtyard House, Gate Tower
Evidence : Demolished Building, Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C17
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : Courtyard House
Evidence : Extant Building, Demolished Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : c1796-1855
Monument End Date : 1855
Monument Start Date : 1796
Monument Type : Prisoner Of War Camp
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : c1855-1930
Monument End Date : 1930
Monument Start Date : 1855
Monument Type : Farm Building
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : 1855-1930
Monument End Date : 1930
Monument Start Date : 1855
Monument Type : Farm Building
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Restored from 1930
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1930
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 168877
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 168878
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 83 NW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 541575
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 617385
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TQ 83 NW 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1962-10-19
End Date : 1962-10-19
Associated Activities : Primary, SISSINGHURST CASTLE BARN
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SISSINGHURST CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SISSINGHURST CASTLE GARDENS
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT SISSINGHURST CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SISSINGHURST CASTLE ESTATE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SISSINGHURST CASTLE ESTATE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31