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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 53 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 942674
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1123742734
Summary : A Bronze Age round barrow survives as earthworks within Fargo Plantation and forms part of the Cursus Barrow Group (Monument Number 219681). It measures an overall diameter of 26.6m and comprises a circular mound surrounded by a ring ditch. A break in slope almost half way up the mound, which is 1.5m high, implies two phases of construction. A slight berm separates the mound from the ring ditch and possible causeways are evident in the south-western quadrant of the ditch. The site was listed as Amesbury 53 by Goddard and as a bowl barrow by Grinsell, but the earthworks suggest its original form was more complex. Ploughing in the early 19th century and subsequent vegetation as part of the plantation have probably caused damage to the monument. The earthworks were observed by English Heritage in November 2010 during a rapid field investigation of Fargo South as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project.
More information : `E' - SU 11244273; Amesbury 53, a bowl barrow 60ft in diameter and 4ft high. (1) Excavated by Colt Hoare (Barrow 38) without result. (2)

Amesbury 53, a bowl barrow 0.4m high with a ditch 0.2m deep. Published 1:2500 survey revised. (3)

Originally recorded as Amesbury 53 by Goddard and described by Maud Cunnington as overgrown with bushes and nettles and much defaced by rabbits in 1913. (4)

The barrow falls within the area mapped from aerial photographs by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. It has been included on the survey maps, but is covered by trees, and no further information could be added from aerial photographic evidence. (6)

The round barrow referred to above (1-6) survives as earthworks within Fargo Plantation. It is located at roughly SU 1120 4275 and measures an overall 26.6m in diameter. The round barrow comprises a circular mound surrounded by a ring ditch. A break in slope almost half way up the mound implies two phases of construction. A slight berm separates the mound from the ring ditch and possible causeways are evident in the south-western quadrant of the ditch.

The summit of the mound measures 8m in diameter, the base of the upper mound 13.8m, the top of the lower mound is 16.4m and the base of the lower mound is 20m in diameter. A slight berm 1.7m wide separates the mound and the ring ditch, which measures 2.45m wide and 0.3m deep. The lower mound is 0.7m high and the upper mound is 0.8m high, giving a total height for the mound of 1.5m. The northern side of the mound is less sharply defined and covered by denser vegetation.

The earthworks suggest its original form was more complex than a simple bowl barrow. Ploughing in the early 19th century and subsequent vegetation as part of the plantation have probably caused damage to the monument. The earthworks were observed by English Heritage in November 2010 during a rapid field investigation (Level 1 survey) of Fargo South as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. (7-8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : L Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 151
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Source Number : 2
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 163
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 11-JAN-71
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 169
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 5
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 557
Page(s) : 189
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/16-NOV-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Komar A M & Bishop, S 'Fargo South.' Stonehenge World Heritage Site Landscape Project. Archaeological survey report. RDRS 96-2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) : 96-2010

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10337
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW737
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 424
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 942659
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942661
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942662
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942672
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31