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Historic England Research Records

Chi-Rho Stone

Hob Uid: 424661
Location :
Cornwall
Hayle
Grid Ref : SW5653638415
Summary : Stone inscribed with Chi-Rho, probably late 4th - early 5th century, built into the south porch of Phillack church. It was possibly found during restoration of the church in 1856 although it has been suggested that it is part of a tombstone found at Carsnew. It certainly indicates the presence of Christian community in the Hayle area in the late Roman or early sub-Roman period.
More information : In the gable of the S. porch of Phillack church is a
stone with a Chi-Rho monogram of early type, commonest in the
4th century. (1)

The form of the monogram is not later than the early 5th
century and seems to point to the presence of a Christian
community in the Hayle area as early as 350 to 450 A.D. (2)

A small stone, approximately 9 ins. by 5 ins., with a circular
boss incorporating the monogram, at SW 5653 3841, in the gable
wall.(3)

The Chi-Rho inscised stone was presumably recovered during a
rebuilding of the church in 1856. Wall is of the opinion that
it originally formed part of the early Christian tombstone
found at Carsnew (see SW 53 NE 16)

Clare suggests a 6th century date for the carving, though the basis for this dating is unclear. (4)

The stone was seen during field investigation in 1997. (5)

Noted. No further action. (6-8)

On the continent, this stone is dateable to the 4th-5th centuries, so is probably 5th century here. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Archaeology of Cornwall 1932. 222, 224 (H O'N Hencken)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Phillack Church Guide 1960 13 (Charles Thomas M.A. F.S.A)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 01-JUN-62
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : (J Wall)
Page(s) : 176
Figs. : ILLUST
Plates :
Vol(s) : 100: 1968
Source Number : 5
Source : Cornish archaeology
Source details : PH Checklist (W H Pascoe)
Page(s) : 97
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1.997222222
Source Number : 5a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Cornwall SMR: SW 53 NE/236
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Kingdom of Dumnonia 1978 66 (S M Pearce)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Archaeological Sites in Devon and Cornwall, 1982, 37 (T Clare)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Monuments Protection Programme: Report of site considered under MPP for which Scheduling is not recommended
Source details : J Kestle, 09-Oct-1997
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Corpus of early Christian inscribed stones of south-west Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 205-7
Figs. : II.40
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Second half of C4
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 350
Monument Type : Inscribed Stone
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : 350-450
Monument End Date : 450
Monument Start Date : 350
Monument Type : Settlement, Stone
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence, Architectural Component
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C5
Monument End Date : 500
Monument Start Date : 410
Monument Type : Inscribed Stone
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Cornwall)
External Cross Reference Number : 31821
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 70219
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1160143
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SW 53 NE 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 424664
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 424688
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 424652
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 424726
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SW 53 NE 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1962-06-01
End Date : 1962-06-01