HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Carnbrea Castle

Hob Uid: 426089
Location :
Cornwall
Carn Brea
Grid Ref : SW6864040860
Summary : The remains of a medieval castle with much post medieval rebuilding. The castle is first mentioned in documentary sources of 1478. It now mostly comprises an 18th century building of a folly design, and is used as a private house.
More information : [SW 6864 4086] CARNBREA CASTLE [L.B.] (remains of) (1)

The remains of a mediaeval castle. (2)

Carnbrea Castle is a small irregular building about 60 ft long and 10 ft wide. Only part of the building is ancient the masonry of which is very crude and the modern part has probably been built on ancient foundations. (3)

Carnbrea Castle is mostly an 18th c building of folly type, now used as a private house. The NW side incorporates heavy boulder masonry for about 3.0m above ground level but there is no distinct building line between this and the obvious later work. The plain pointed arched doorways have no dateable features. (4)

Carn Brea Castle was used as a hunting lodge by the Bassets. (See SW 64 SE 17 for medieval deep park) (5)

Carnbrea Castle is first mentioned in 1478 (a). The building stands on a narrow, irregular ledge of rock which results in varying levels of floors for different rooms. Only part of the masonry is original and Borlase records former outworks at the north end. See illustrations (7).

Renovation of the castle, including the complete gutting of the interior, has revealed varying styles of stonework and a number of hidden features which are shown on 18th and 19th century drawings. In the small turret at the west end, accepted as the earliest section, a small window has been exposed looking west. At the base of the north wall of the east wing a previously blocked arched recess has been opened into a cellar, which is mentioned
in 19th century accounts as being the only means of access. A few feet to the west is the open, lower end of a Medieval garderobe.

The location of the Medieval chapel remains uncertain but is probably represented by the upper two rooms in the east wing. In both the north and south walls are two arched windows with interior stone sills which appear to be of Medieval date. (6-8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6' 1963
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly
Source details :
Page(s) : 128
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Magna Brit 3 1814 coxl (Lysons)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 24-MAR-70
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Essays in Corn Hist 1963 162 (C Henderson)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Cornish archaeology
Source details : (R J Mercer)
Page(s) : 54,62
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 9, 1970
Source Number : 6a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : William Worcestre Iter 1969 21 (Harvey)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ants of Corn 1769 350-1 plan illust (W Borlase)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Cornwall Archaeological Society : newsletter
Source details : 20 Feb 1976 5 (M Tangye)
Page(s) : 5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Mentioned 1478
Monument End Date : 1478
Monument Start Date : 1478
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Castle, Hunting Lodge
Evidence : Extant Building, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Conversion
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CO 79b
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SW 64 SE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SW 64 SE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-03-24
End Date : 1970-03-24
Associated Activities : Primary, CARN BREA
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1985-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31