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Historic England Research Records

Magor Villa

Hob Uid: 426186
Location :
Cornwall
Illogan
Grid Ref : SW6367042350
Summary : A late second century winged corridor Roman villa was discovered in Chapel Field, Magnor Farm. The villa building continued until fourth century. A Roman coin hoard was also found. In 1985 geophysical surveying revealed a double ditched circular enclosure of possibly Iron age date. Medieval walling and tiles have also been found.
More information : [SW 63684237] Roman Villa [GS] (Site of)
[Not shown on other OS publications up to 1963] (1)

A small, winged-corridor Roman villa in Chapel Field. Magor Farm,
near Camborne was excavated in 1931 and 1932. Three periods of
construction were identified - initial construction in the second
half of the 2nd c.,A.D., enlargement at an uncertain date and
abandonment, dated by a hoard of denarii c. 230-40 A.D. The
building was re-occupied by squatters c.270-80 A.D. Medieval
walling and tiles were also found. The villa was probably built
by a Romanised native and only the 'squatter' phase may be
associated with tin-mining. [Site-plan, plans, finds listed,
etc.] (2)

Additional accounts. (3-4).

A slight depression about 25 metres by 10 metres is visible
under pasture at approximately SW 63674235. This corresponds
with the farmers description of the villa site, but permission
could not be obtained to enter the field. Consequently the siting
is accurate to about 10 metres. (5)

A geophysical survey carried out in the mid 1980s identified a series of ditched enclosures within the vicinity of the villa. (6)



Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 22" 1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details : BH St J O'Neil
Page(s) : 116ff
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 39, 1933
Source Number : 3
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 216ff
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 22, 1932
Source Number : 4
Source : Antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : 494ff
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5, 1931
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 02-APR-70
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Cornwall Archaeological Unit annual report
Source details :
Page(s) : 23
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1985-6
Source Number : 7
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : CO 1
Page(s) : 48
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Enclosure
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 240
Monument Start Date : 150
Monument Type : Villa
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 240
Monument Start Date : 230
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Wall
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : COIN HOARD
Object Material :
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Wall
Object Type : TILE
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CO 769
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Cornwall)
External Cross Reference Number : /050
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SW 64 SW 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, MAGOR
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1931-01-01
End Date : 1932-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SW 64 SW 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-04-09
End Date : 1963-04-09
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SW 64 SW 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-04-02
End Date : 1970-04-02
Associated Activities : Primary, MAGOR FARM VILLA
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1985-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31