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Historic England Research Records

Hornby Castle

Hob Uid: 42912
Location :
Lancashire
Lancaster
Hornby-with-Farleton
Grid Ref : SD5875068570
Summary : Hornby Castle is a large house which includes the 13th century keep, rebuilt early 16th century, of the former medieval castle on whose foundations the present house stands. The house has an early 18th century south-west front which was completely remodelled in a domestic Gothic style in 1849-52 by Sharpe and Paley, with further alterations and additions in 1881 and 1889-91 by Paley and Austin. It is constructed from sandstone rubble with slate roofs and is on an irregular plan, with a broad entrance front behind which lies the hall, and a tapered courtyard behind containing the keep and enclosed by a further tower.
More information : (SD 58756857) Hornby Castle and remains of (NAT) Hornby Castle (NR) (1)

The original Hornby Castle of the Nevills (who are associated from circa 1274) formerly stood on the present castle site, but nothing now remains according to VCH. The earliest part of the present building is the central keep which Pevsner refers to as a "pele tower of the 13th century below, the early 16th century above". The castle was abandoned after the Civil War but partly rebuilt and added to in the early 18th century. Between 1849-52, the 18th century work was replaced by the present two-storeyed Gothic style building with flanking embattled wings (see plan). Additions were also made in 1881, 1891 and later. Gde 2*. Foundations of two round towers, probably of 14th century date were removed by some 'late alterations', according to Whitaker (a) in 1819(?). (2-4)

Thompson Watkin quoting Whitaker said that the site now occupied by Hornby Castle was undoubtedly used by the Romans ".... as the Roman coins lately found ... and the remains of a brick pavement sufficiently prove. Of the former, besides many of the small brass, much defaced I have seen a very fair middle brass of the first Antoninus (138-61AD). It was probably the villa of some wealthy provincial". Watkin adds that recent (circa 1883) alterations and additions to the castle did not reveal any further discoveries. (5)

There are no Medieval remains or artificial earthworks at Hornby Castle apart from the keep which is in good condition. (6)

Listed by Cathcart King. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10000 1974
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Lancaster, volume 8
Source details :
Page(s) : 196-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1914
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Whitaker. 1823. History of Richmondshire, II, 252
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Lancashire, 2. The rural north
Source details :
Page(s) : 147
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1969
Source Number : 4
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Lunesdale Rural District, FEB-1961
Page(s) : 43
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : W Thompson Watkin. 1883. Roman Lancashire, 218
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Whitaker. 1823. History of Richmondshire, II, 250
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHP 28-OCT-69
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 246
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jan-83
Source Number : 8
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Lancaster, 04-DEC-1985
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1020

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : built from circa 1274
Monument End Date : 1284
Monument Start Date : 1264
Monument Type : Keep, Castle
Evidence : Extant Building, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Early C18
Monument End Date : 1732
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Remodelled 1849-52
Monument End Date : 1852
Monument Start Date : 1849
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1881
Monument End Date : 1881
Monument Start Date : 1881
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1889-91
Monument End Date : 1891
Monument Start Date : 1889
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 182390
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 38586
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 111799
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 56 NE 10
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 56 NE 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1969-10-28
End Date : 1969-10-28